Energy Return on Investment

  • Charles A. S. Hall
  • Kent Klitgaard


Please confirm inserted citation for Ref. [1] is okay.


  1. 1.
    Modified from Hall, C.A.S., S. Balogh, and D.J.R. Murphy. 2009. What is the minimum EROI that a sustainable society must have? Energies 2: 25–47. which contains additional supporting references. SEE Hall, C.A.S. 2017. Energy return on investment (Springer) for a more thorough treatment of EROI.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Charles A. S. Hall
    • 1
  • Kent Klitgaard
    • 2
  1. 1.College of Environmental Science & ForestryState University of New YorkSyracuseUSA
  2. 2.Wells CollegeAuroraUSA

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