Lessons from the Recent Case Law of the EU Court of Justice on the Principle of Non-discrimination

Chapter

Abstract

The case law the EU Court of Justice has issued on non-discrimination is particularly developed in the area of discrimination based on nationality or sex, and lately also in matters concerning sexual orientation, disability, and ethnic origin. This case law is rich in lessons on fundamental issues, such as the prohibition for employers to publicly announce discriminatory hiring policies, the definition of disability, the exclusion barring same-sex partners from access to employment-related benefits and services, and the scheme for burden of proof. This chapter suggests that while the Court’s approach is not entirely clear, it has nonetheless made allowance for social progress in protecting victims of discrimination. The Court has thus contributed to realizing the values on which the European Union is founded.

Keywords

Age, ethnic origin, nationality Asylum Burden of proof Disability Non-discrimination Sexual orientation 

References

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  3. European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, European Court of Human Rights – Council of Europe (2011) Handbook on European non-discrimination law, http://fra.europa.eu/sites/default/files/fra_uploads/1510-FRA-CASE-LAW-HANDBOOK_EN.pdf. Accessed 31 Dec 2016
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Law FacultyUniversity of StrasbourgStrasbourgFrance

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