Criticality, Symbolic Capital and the High-Rise Form



This chapter uses the framework of the commercial office high-rise building to chart the evolution of regionalist and national ideas in forming an identity of the tropical through strategies ranging from an essentially climatic position to an essentially pastiche approach, and swinging towards an iconic approach in formal identity. Straddling these positions is the critical regionalist approach which is argued as a more layered, deeply thought-out approach. The chapter attempts to link the theoretical framework of critical regionalisms, their expressive outcomes and their link to built forms and physical expression in high-rise development.


Symbolic Capital Iconic Approach Industrial Building Systems Habitat Ordination Young Bamboo Shoots 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Abel, C. (1997). Living in hybrid world. In C. Abel (Ed.), Architecture and identity. Oxford, UK: Architectural Press/Butterworth and Heinemann.Google Scholar
  2. Boys, J. (1996). Misrepresentations of society? In J. Palmer & J. Dodson (Eds.), Design and aesthetics: A reader. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  3. Chua, B. H. (2000, February 21–23). Living with capitalism in Asia, uncomfortably in ‘we Asians – Between past and future’. Proceedings of a regional conference. Singapore: Japan Foundation Center, National Archives of Singapore and Singapore Heritage Society.Google Scholar
  4. Colquhoun, A. (1971). The superblock. In A. Colquhoun (Ed., 1981), Essays in architectural criticism: Modern architecture and historical change. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  5. Colquhoun, A. (1983). Sign and substance: Reflections on complexity – Las Vegas, and Oberlin. In A. Colquhoun (Ed., 1981) Essays in architectural criticism: Modern architecture and historical change. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  6. Curtis, W. J. R. (1996). Modernity, tradition and identity in the developing world. In W. J. R. Curtis (Ed.), Modern architecture since 1900. London: Phaidon PressGoogle Scholar
  7. Davidson, C., & Seralgedin, I. (1995). Menara Mesiniaga. In Architecture beyond architecture – Creativity and social transformation in Islamic cultures: The 1995 Aga Khan award for architecture (pp. 95–101). London: Academy Editions.Google Scholar
  8. Dovey, K. (1999). Tall storeys. In Framing places: Mediating power in built form. London: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Dovey, K. (2000). Myth and media: Constructing aboriginal architecture. Journal of Architectural Education, 54(1), 2–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Eco, U. (1972). Introduction to a semiotics of iconic signs. Versus, 2, 1–15.Google Scholar
  11. Eisenman, P. (1996). Masters jury discussion. In C. Davidson (Ed.), Architecture beyond architecture – The 1995 Aga Khan award for architecture. London: Academy Editions.Google Scholar
  12. Ford, E. R. (1996). The details of modern architecture (Vol. 2). Cambridge, MA: MIT press.Google Scholar
  13. Frampton, K. (1983). Modern architecture and critical regionalism. Transactions of Royal Institute of British Architects, 2(3), 15–25.Google Scholar
  14. Frampton, K. (1985). Critical regionalism – Modern architecture and cultural identity. In K. Frampton (Ed.), Modern architecture – A critical history. London: Thames and Hudson.Google Scholar
  15. Frampton, K. (1992). Riverside tower. In K. Frampton & P. Drew (Eds.), Harry Seidler, four decades of architecture. London: Thames and Hudson.Google Scholar
  16. Frampton, K. (1998). Introduction. In K. Frampton, A. Specter, & L. R. Rosman (Eds.), Technology, place and architecture-the Jerusalem seminar in architecture. New York: Rizzoli International Publications.Google Scholar
  17. Jahn Kassim, P. S. (2004). The bioclimatic skyscraper – A critical analysis of the theories and designs of Ken Yeang. Unpublished phd thesis 2004, University of Brighton.Google Scholar
  18. Jenkins, D. (2000). Market whys and human wherefores: Thinking again about markets, politics and people paperback (2nd Revised ed.). London: Continuum, 4 January 2004.Google Scholar
  19. Kahn, J. S. (2006). Other Malays – Nationalism and cosmopolitanism in the modern Malay world (p. 2). Singapore: NUS Press, National University Singapore.Google Scholar
  20. Kusno, A. (2000). Imagining regionalism, re-fashioning orientalism: Some current architectural discourses in South East Asia. Journal of Southeast Asian Architecture, 4, 45–61.Google Scholar
  21. Tzonis, A., & Le Faivre, L. (2001). Tropical critical regionalism – Introductory comments. In A. Tzonis & L. Le Faivre (Eds.), Tropical architecture –Critical regionalism in the age of globalisation. London: Wiley Academy.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.International Islamic University MalaysiaKuala LumpurMalaysia

Personalised recommendations