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Acute Colonic Pseudo-Obstruction (ACPO): Ogilvie’s Syndrome

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Clinical Decision Making in Colorectal Surgery

Abstract

Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction is defined as massive dilation of the colon without mechanical obstruction. The incidence is approximately 100 cases per 100,000 inpatient admissions, and is most often precipitated by illness or surgery. Perforation is rare; the vast majority of patients recover with conservative measures such as bowel rest and decompression, opioid avoidance, and mobilization. In general, more aggressive intervention should be instituted if cecal diameter is greater than 12 cm, or dilation has persisted beyond 2 days without improvement. Pharmacologic stimulation with neostigmine should be attempted first. If this intervention is unsuccessful, endoscopic decompression should be employed. In the rare cases that all other measures fail, definitive decompression is required.

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Correspondence to David A. Etzioni .

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Powell, A.C., Etzioni, D.A. (2020). Acute Colonic Pseudo-Obstruction (ACPO): Ogilvie’s Syndrome. In: Steele, S., Maykel, J., Wexner, S. (eds) Clinical Decision Making in Colorectal Surgery. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-65942-8_49

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-65942-8_49

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  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

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