MediaSync pp 649-676 | Cite as

Network Delay and Bandwidth Estimation for Cross-Device Synchronized Media

  • Mu MuEmail author
  • Hans Stokking
  • Frank den Hartog


Driven by the growth in mobile phone and tablet ownership, recent years have witnessed an increasing trend towards coordinated media experiences across multiple devices. The quality of experience (QoE) over such new generation applications is dictated by the quality of service (QoS) of underlying networks. Inevitable network delay and bandwidth fluctuations affect the communications and media synchronization between connected devices. Therefore, network measurement is becoming the key to providing essential information for the QoE assurance of cross-device synchronized media. Amongst many network measurement techniques, packet probing is considered as the most effective for end-to-end evaluations. Packet probing may seem straightforward, but it requires a good understanding of the methodologies and how the results should be interpreted. This chapter provides a guide and some best practices in packet probing, accompanied with a use case where delay measurement enhances cross-device media synchronization and the QoE of an immersive media application.


Packet probing Network monitoring Inter-destination media synchronization Immersive media Quality of experience 



Network probing

Network probing techniques use special packet configurations, and measure transmission and receipt times of packets to derive information such as delays, capacity and available bandwidth of a network path.

Cross-Device Synchronized Media

Associated media content delivered synchronously across multiple (types of) devices to elicit immersive user experience.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The University of NorthamptonNorthamptonUnited Kingdom
  2. 2.TNOThe HagueThe Netherlands
  3. 3.DoVes ResearchCanberraAustralia

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