Energy Consumption and Hardware Utilization of Standard Software: Methods and Measurements for Software Sustainability

  • Achim GuldnerEmail author
  • Marcel Garling
  • Marlies Morgen
  • Stefan Naumann
  • Eva Kern
  • Lorenz M. Hilty
Conference paper
Part of the Progress in IS book series (PROIS)


The ubiquity of information and communication technologies (ICT) results in substantial amounts of energy consumption and thus, CO2-emissions. Since software induces the energy consumption of hardware, some reliable procedures and tests for measuring software are necessary. We present such a method and prove our measurement concept by applying it to two software product groups: word processors and content management systems. Even though the two groups are very different in terms of their requirements, we were successful in the creation of a measurement environment that supports the production of reliable, verifiable results, allowing the comparison of the energy consumption induced by software systems with similar functionality. The method shows viable results for desktop and client-server systems, paving the way for further setups like e.g. mobile and embedded devices.


Green software engineering Software energy consumption Green IT 



The work for this paper was supported by the UFOPLAN-SSD project, funded by the German Federal Environmental Agency (Umweltbundesamt - UBA).


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Achim Guldner
    • 1
    Email author
  • Marcel Garling
    • 1
  • Marlies Morgen
    • 1
  • Stefan Naumann
    • 1
  • Eva Kern
    • 1
    • 2
  • Lorenz M. Hilty
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.University of Applied Sciences Trier, Environmental Campus Birkenfeld, Institute for Software SystemsBirkenfeldGermany
  2. 2.Leuphana University LüneburgLüneburgGermany
  3. 3.Department of InformaticsUniversity of ZurichZurichSwitzerland
  4. 4.Technology and Society LabEmpa Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and TechnologySt. GallenSwitzerland
  5. 5.KTH Royal Institute of TechnologyStockholmSweden

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