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Lake Nasser RegionOpen image in new window

Chapter
Part of the World Geomorphological Landscapes book series (WGLC)

Abstract

Lake Nasser is the most significant man-made form created in Egypt. It came into being after the completion of the High Dam in the 1960s. Its impacts on the geomorphology of Egypt are local as well as national. Its impact on the local geomorphology of the Nubian region cannot be ignored. First, the submergence of the surface area of the Lake resulted in the disappearance of some pre-lake forms, of which the Nubian Nile channel is the most significant lost landform. The second local impact is the development of some submerged forms, such as the many islands in the lake body and the drowned wadis (khors). The third impact is the development of a new local delta in the southern part of the lake basin due the deposition of Nile silt. Nevertheless, national impacts of Lake Nasser have affected the downstream Nile channel, and the Mediterranean coasts of the Nile Delta, due to the deposition of Nile silt in the Lake basin. As a national water storage, Lake Nasser. As a national water storage, Lake Nasser is threatened by several factors. The most dangerous threat comes from Ethiopia, where a new huge dam (El-Nahda/Renaissance) is under construction on the Blue Nile which provides Egypt with more than 50% of its water needs. This dam will deprive Egypt from some of its share in Nile water during filling of the dam and during its operation, resulting in a decrease in the stored water, lowering the lake level, and reduction in electricity production.

Keywords

Egypt The Nile Valley Lake Nasser Submerged forms Islands Khors 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geography, Faculty of ArtsAin Shams UniversityCairoEgypt

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