The Geologic Setting

Chapter
Part of the World Geomorphological Landscapes book series (WGLC)

Abstract

This chapter presents the main geological aspects of Egypt, which are relevant to its geomorphology. It depends on data collected from previous geological work, the interpretation of Geological Maps (scales 1:2,000,000 and 1:500,000 and 1:250,000), Landsat-TM and Google Earth images, and aerial photographs of different scales for parts of the various regions. Geologic aspects of Egypt are divided into two sections. The first section deals with rock formations, whereas the second deals with the tectonic framework.

Keywords

Egypt Basement rocks Sedimentary cover Tectonic framework 

References

  1. Awad H (1951) La Montagne du Sinai Central. Étude Morphologique. Société Royale de Géographie d’Égypte, Le CaireGoogle Scholar
  2. Awad H (1952) A new type of desert cuesta in central Sinai. In: Proceedings Of The XVII International Geographical Congress, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  3. Embabi NS (1998) Sand seas of the Western Desert of Egypt. In: Alsharhan AS, Glennie KW, Whittle GL, St. C. Kendall CG (eds) Quaternary Deserts & Climatic Change, Proceedings of Intranational Conference on Quaternary Deserts and Climatic Change, Al-Ain, United Arab Emirates, 9-11 Dec. 1995, Balkema, Rotterdam, pp 495–509Google Scholar
  4. Gass I (1977) The evolution of the Pan-African crystalline basement in NE Africa and Arabia. J Geolog Soc London 134:129–138CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Harris NBW, Hawkesworth CJ, Ries AC (1984) Crustal evolution in northeast and east Africa from model Nd ages. Nature 309:773–776CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Hermina M, Lindenberg HG (1989) The tertiary. In: Hermina M, Klitzsch E, List F (eds) Stratigraphic lexicon and explanatory notes to the geological map of Egypt, scale 1:500,000. Conoco Inc, Cairo, pp 141–218Google Scholar
  7. Hermina M, Klitzsch E, List F (eds) (1989) Stratigraphic Lexcon and explanatory notes to the geological map of Egypt, Scale 1:500,000. Conoco Inc, CairoGoogle Scholar
  8. Issawi B, McCauley J (1993) The Cenozoic landscape of Egypt and its river systems. Ann Geol Sur Egypt 19:357–384Google Scholar
  9. Klitzsch E (1983) Paleozoic Formations and a Carboniferous Glaciation from Gilf Kebir-Abu Ras area in southwestern Egypt. J Afr Earth Sci 1:17–19Google Scholar
  10. Klitzsch E (1989) The Paleozoic. In: Hermina M, Klitzsch E, List F (eds) Stratigraphic lexicon and explanatory notes to the geological map of Egypt, scale 1:500,000. Conoco Inc, Cairo, pp 57–76Google Scholar
  11. Klitszch E (1990) Paleozoic. In: Said (ed) The Geology of Egypt, Balkema, Rotterdam, pp 393–406Google Scholar
  12. List F, El-Gaby K, Tehrani R (1989) The basement rocks in the Eastern and Western Deserts and Sinai. In: Hermina M, Klitzsch E, List F (eds) Stratigraphic Lexicon and explanatory notes to the geological map of Egypt 1:500,000. Conoco Inc, Cairo, pp 33–56Google Scholar
  13. Meneisy M (1990) Volcanicity. In: Said (ed) The Geology of Egypt, Balkema, Rotterdam, pp 157–172Google Scholar
  14. Morgan P (1990) Egypt in the framework of global tectonics. In: Said (ed) The Geology of Egypt, Balkema, Rotterdam, pp 91–111Google Scholar
  15. Mostafa AR, Khalil MH (1990) Structural characteristics and tectonic evolution of north Sinai fold belts. In: Said R (ed) The geology of Egypt. Balkema, Rotterdam, pp 381–389Google Scholar
  16. Philobbos ER, Hassan KK (1975) The contribution of palaeosoil to Egyptian lithistratigraphy. Nature 253:33Google Scholar
  17. Said R (1962(The geology of Egypt. Elsevier Publishing Co, AmesterdamGoogle Scholar
  18. Said R (1981) The geological evolution of the River Nile. Springer-Verlag, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  19. Said R (1990a) Red Sea coastal plain. In: Said R (ed) The geology of Egypt. Balkema, Rotterdam, pp 345–359Google Scholar
  20. Said R (1990b) Cenozoic. In: Said R (ed) The geology of Egypt. Balkema, Rotterdan, pp 451–486Google Scholar
  21. Said R (1993) The River Nile: Geology, Hydrology and Utilization. Pergamon Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  22. Salem R (1976) Evolution of Eocene-Miocene sedimentation patterns in parts of northern Egypt. Amer Assoc Petrol Geol Bull 60:34–64Google Scholar
  23. Sandford K (1934) Paleolithic man and the Nile valley in upper and middle Egypt: a study of the region during Pliocene and Pleistocene times. Oriental Institute Publication No 3, Chicago, IllionisGoogle Scholar
  24. Schlumberger (1984) Well Evaluation Conference. Egypt, CairoGoogle Scholar
  25. Selim A (1974) Origin and lithification of the Pleistocene carbonates of the Sallum Area, western coastal plain of Egypt. J Sedimentary Petrology 44:70–78CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Shata A (1953) New light on the structural development of the Western Desert of Egypt. Bull Institut du Desert d’Égypte 3:101–106Google Scholar
  27. Shukri NM (1954) Remarks on the geological structure of Egypt. Bull. Soc. Géogr. d’Égypte,‎‎‎ 27: 65–82Google Scholar
  28. Shukri NM, Philip G, Said R (1956) The geology of the Mediterranean coast between Rosetta and Bardia, II Pleistocene sediments: geomorphology and microfacies. Bull Institute d’Égypte 37:395–427Google Scholar
  29. Sigaev N (1959) The main tectonic features of Egypt: an explanatory note to the tectonic map of Egypt, scale 1:2,000,000. Geological Survey of Egypt, Cairo, Paper, p 39Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geography, Faculty of ArtsAin Shams UniversityCairoEgypt

Personalised recommendations