The Drainage System of the Eastern Desert (with a Special Reference to Wadi Qena Basin)Open image in new window

Part of the World Geomorphological Landscapes book series (WGLC)


The drainage system of the Eastern Desert like that of Sinai is inherited from past humid climates. Three regional drainage subsystems have developed in this region under the effect of regional slopes: eastward toward the Red Sea, westward to the Nile Valley, and finally to the Mediterranean, eastern region of the Nile Delta. Only a few localities are drained internally. All types of drainage patterns are present in the Eastern Desert, of which the dendritic pattern is the most common. The size of basins is larger in the Nile Valley and the Mediterranean systems than in the Red Sea. Wadi Qena is one of the largest and unique wadis in this desert. It runs from north to south along the contact between basement rocks and the sedimentary formations. In this Wadi, four fluvial terraces, fanglomerates, have been developed along both sides of the Wadi.


The Eastern Desert Drainage system Wadi qena 


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© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geography, Faculty of ArtsAin Shams UniversityCairoEgypt

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