The Mass Media in France Between 1944 and 1958
The chapter provides an overview of the development of mass media in France after the Second World War, during the Fourth Republic. These were key years in the evolving role of the mass media, characterised by reorganisation of the press, radio and the beginning of television. During this period the new media was subject to the rigid monopoly of information that saw censorship of politically “sensitive” issues (e.g., the Algerian War). In these years radio and television were inaccessible to the opposition parties. Following the founding of the Rassemblement du Peuple Français, de Gaulle was ostracised by the government and his speeches were banned from State radio and television.