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Healthy Cities and Urban Planning: The QLandQLife Model as Input for Experimentation

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Quality of Life in Urban Landscapes

Part of the book series: The Urban Book Series ((UBS))

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Abstract

Based on input provided by the QLandQLife research, this contribution reflects on the potential of the content and devices contained in Law no. 10/2013, with particular reference to the national urban green plan. The questions asked by the research and its results highlight the importance of working with the open space of the contemporary city to improve environmental comfort and well-being in urban areas. Broadly speaking, these themes seek a renewed relationship between urban planning and health in which urban open/green space is only one of the structural elements addressed to promote better lifestyles and widespread well-being. In this view, the potential of the national urban green plan is seen not just as an additional tool for the sector but as an opportunity to reconsider urban green and open space as a possible incubator of new principles, functions, and activities. Reinterpreting some content and objectives expressed legislatively as matters of design inherent in ordinary planning tools seems indispensable. First of all, this means reconsidering the role of urban green areas as a necessary performance standard capable of overcoming the quantitative standard that arose at the end of the 1960s. This new interpretational key is capable of anchoring the principles of experimentation in the QLandQLife model with an existing and still-developing disciplinary debate regarding urban health and well-being. It favours the role that urban green areas can play in renewing consolidated approaches and paths in the city’s governance tools according to a perspective that favours a healthy city and a reciprocal interest in health and urban planning.

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Notes

  1. 1.

    The manifesto was presented in Rome in July 2016 and was the result of work by a group of experts pertaining to the Health City Think Tank.

  2. 2.

    WHO and UN-Habitat (2016), Global report on Urban Health: equitable, healthier cities for sustainable development, available at: http://who.int/kobe_centre/measuring/urban-global-report/en/.

  3. 3.

    The plan gives biological diversity an important role in supporting the provision of essential ecosystem services for human well-being.

  4. 4.

    This represents a connective element between the European and national contexts. The Charter of Rome provides support for the protection, conservation, and enhancement of the natural capital. Among the various aspects considered, “creating synergies between the green infrastructure and rural and urban zones” is of particular importance.

  5. 5.

    The strategy is organized into 15 working areas, including area number 9, “urban areas”. Specific mention is made of the need to address planning by integrating plans for green management, promoting the maintenance of green areas, and aiming to regenerate the system of natural areas within territorial government plans to allow the biodiversity to be continuous, even in anthropized areas. The 11 objectives specified include number 7, “integration of green plans in local in urban planning”.

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Correspondence to Elio Trusiani .

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Trusiani, E. (2018). Healthy Cities and Urban Planning: The QLandQLife Model as Input for Experimentation. In: Quality of Life in Urban Landscapes. The Urban Book Series. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-65581-9_27

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