The Landscape as a “Complex Indicator” of Urban Sustainability and Quality of Life of City Inhabitants

  • Roberta Cocci Grifoni
  • Rosalba D’Onofrio
  • Massimo Sargolini
Part of the The Urban Book Series book series (UBS)


As mentioned in Chap. 1, the debate about the sustainable city and the quality of life of city inhabitants is like a large arena where heterogeneous approaches and contributions from different sectors meet, without ever converging on a common vision. Consequently, it is difficult to identify effective models to assess urban policies, plans, and projects to address the challenge of sustainability. The sectoral cultural approach to themes of urban sustainability and improving the quality of life in cities has extended from scientific research to plans and projects for transformation. A comparison of different possible project alternatives and monitoring of the results of policies and plans over time is often lacking, as well as an open dialogue between researchers and political and social actors (Bertuglia et al. 2004).


  1. Amin AM (2012) Sustainable urban landscape: an approach for assessing and appropriating indicators. Int J Archit Res 6(2):98–114Google Scholar
  2. Baral H, Holmgren P (2012) A framework for measuring sustainability outcomes for landscape investments. Working Paper 195, 2015, Center for International Forestry Research CIFORGoogle Scholar
  3. Benson J, Roe M (2007) Landscape and sustainability. Taylor & Francis, RoutledgeGoogle Scholar
  4. Bertuglia CS, Rota FS, Staricco L (2004) Pianificazione strategica e sostenibilità urbana. Concettualizzazioni e sperimentazioni in Italia. FrancoAngeli, MilanoGoogle Scholar
  5. D’Onofrio R (2013) Paesaggio & piani. FrancoAngeli, MilanoGoogle Scholar
  6. Dinep C, Schwab K (2010) Sustainable site design: criteria, process, and case studies for integrating site and region in landscape design. Wiley, HobokenGoogle Scholar
  7. Elmqvist T, Fragkias M, Goodness J, Guneralp B, Marcotullio PJ, McDonald RI, Parnell S, Schewenius M, Sendstad M, Seto KC, Wilkinson C (eds) (2013) Urbanization, biodiversity and ecosystem services: challenges and opportunities. Springer, DordrechtGoogle Scholar
  8. Forman RTT (1990) Ecologically sustainable landscapes: the role of spatial configuration. In: Zonneveld IS, Forman RTT (eds) Changing landscapes: an ecological perspective. Springer, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  9. Forman RTT (1995) Land mosaics: the ecology of landscapes and regions. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  10. Gobster PH, Nassauer JI, Daniel TC et al (2007) The shared landscape: what does aesthetics have to do with ecology? Landsc Ecol 22:959–972CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. MacKendrick NA, Parkins JR (2004) Framework for assessing community sustainability: a synthesis of current research in British Columbia. Northern Forestry Centre, CanadaGoogle Scholar
  12. Nassauer JI (ed) (1997) Placing nature: culture and landscape ecology. Island Press, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  13. Nassauer JI, Wu JG, Xiang WN (2014) Actionable urban ecology in China and the world: integrating ecology and planning for sustainable cities. Landsc Urban Plan 125:207–208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Ness B, Urbel-Piirsalu E, Anderberg S, Olsson L (2007) Categorising tools for sustainability assessment. Ecol Econ 60:598–508CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Paolinelli G (ed) (2011) Habitare. Il paesaggio nei piani territoriali. FrancoAngeli, MilanGoogle Scholar
  16. Sargolini M (2012) Paesaggi Urbani di qualità per la città sostenibile. In: Talia M, Sargolini M (eds) Riconoscere e Ri-progettare la città contemporanea. FrancoAngeli, MilanGoogle Scholar
  17. Sargolini M, Caprodossi R (2015) La rete ecologica regionale per la rigenerazione urbana. Il caso studio del conero. In: Voghera A (ed) Progetti per il paesaggio. Libro in memoria di Attilia Peano. Inu Edizioni, Rome, pp 108–117Google Scholar
  18. Turner BL (1997) Spirals, bridges and tunnels: engaging human-environment perspectives in geography. Ecumene 4:196–217CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Wu J (2012) A landscape approach for sustainability science. In: Weistein MP, Turner RE (eds) Sustainability science. The emerging paradigm and the urban environment. Springer, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  20. Wu JG (2014) Urban ecology and sustainability: the state-of the-science and future directions. Landsc Urban Plan 125:209–221CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roberta Cocci Grifoni
    • 1
  • Rosalba D’Onofrio
    • 1
  • Massimo Sargolini
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Architecture and DesignUniversity of CamerinoAscoli PicenoItaly

Personalised recommendations