Occupation: Occupational Aspiration
This chapter explores occupation as settings in which employment occurs and prospects for upward mobility exist. It introduces the reader to participants’ experiences in social worlds in which occupational aspirations are varied but, nonetheless, constrained by composite factors that interact and at times conflict. Some examples are endogenous factors such as innate ability; educational attainment; material poverty; and personal ambition, and exogenous factors such as ethnic penalty; opportunity structures; racism; and social assistance. It becomes evident that such factors influence participants’ occupational aspirations in significant ways.