Community: Community Orientation
This chapter explores lived experiences within local communities as settings of socialisation; offering insights into participants’ social worlds in which isolation, poverty, and limited opportunities to self-actualise are ordinary. It is within this context that participants’ community orientation develops and—at the same time—shapes their outcomes. Orientation is appreciated from the point of view of the developmental-psychologist Gordon Neufeld. It is a fundamental human need and basal instinct that underlies individuals’ sense of safety, presence, and belonging to a wider social group that occupies a geographic space; that is, a local community.