Introduction. The School: Its Genesis, Development and Significance

  • Urszula Wybraniec-Skardowska
Part of the Studies in Universal Logic book series (SUL)


The Introduction outlines, in a concise way, the history of the Lvov-Warsaw School—a most unique Polish school of worldwide renown, which pioneered trends combining philosophy, logic, mathematics and language. The author accepts that the beginnings of the School fall on the year 1895, when its founder Kazimierz Twardowski, a disciple of Franz Brentano, came to Lvov on his mission to organize a scientific circle. Soon, among the characteristic features of the School was its serious approach towards philosophical studies and teaching of philosophy, dealing with philosophy and propagation of it as an intellectual and moral mission, passion for clarity and precision, as well as exchange of thoughts, and cooperation with representatives of other disciplines. The genesis is followed by a chronological presentation of the development of the School in the successive years. The author mentions all the key representatives of the School (among others, Ajdukiewicz, Leśniewski, Łukasiewicz, Tarski), accompanying the names with short descriptions of their achievements. The development of the School after Poland’s regaining independence in 1918 meant part of the members moving from Lvov to Warsaw, thus providing the other segment to the name—Warsaw School of Logic. The author dwells longer on the activity of the School during the Interwar period—the time of its greatest prosperity, which ended along with the outbreak of World War 2. Attempts made after the War to recreate the spirit of the School are also outlined and the names of continuators are listed accordingly. The presentation ends with some concluding remarks on the contribution of the School to contemporary developments in the fields of philosophy, mathematical logic or computer science in Poland.


Lvov-Warsaw School Twardowski Warsaw School of Logic Łukasiewicz Leśniewski Tarski Lvov-Warsaw School Phenomenon Polish logic after the War Mostowski Rasiowa Grzegorczyk Suszko 

Mathematics Subject Classification (2000)

Primary 01-02 03-03 



First of all, the editors would like to thank Professors Jacek J. Jadacki, Jan Woleński and Andrzej Skowron for their kind support and advice, which helped to give the anthology its present form. We would like to express our utmost gratitude to all the authors of this volume, who belong to a new generation of L-WS, for their input and unrelenting efforts to accomplish sometimes very demanding tasks. Their contributions will certainly help to preserve the history of Lvov-Warsaw School for future generations.

Individual thanks are due to Iwona Bajek for the English-language verification of a number of texts in this book, and Dr. Zbigniew Bonikowski for the preparation of many works for publication in LaTeX and the style of Springer.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński University in WarsawWarsawPoland

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