Research Ethics Governance in the Arab Region – Saudi Arabia

  • Ghiath AlahmadEmail author
  • Henry Silverman
Part of the Research Ethics Forum book series (REFF, volume 5)


Saudi Arabia is a monarchical state that has largely been dependent on an oil-based economy, although there have been recent efforts to diversify it economy. The government, which controls most major economic activities, has focused on expanding its healthcare, education, nuclear, construction, and tourism industries (Almalki et al. 2011).


  1. Alahmad, G. 2017. The Saudi Law of Ethics of Research on Living Creatures and its Implementing Regulations. Dev World Bioeth 17(2): 63–69. doi: 10.1111/dewb.12114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ali, S., M. Alghamdi, A. Alzhrani, and E.B. De Vol. 2017. Magnitude and characteristics of clinical trials in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A cross-sectional analysis. Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications 7: 126–129.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Almalki, M., G. Fitzgerald, and M. Clark. 2011. Health care system in Saudi Arabia: an overview. East Mediterr Health J 17(10): 784–793.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bawazir, S., H. Hashan, A. Al Hatareshah, A. Al Ghamdi, and K. Al Shahwan. 2014. Regulating Clinical Trials in Saudi Arabia. Applied Clinical Research, Clinical Trials & Regulatory Affairs 1: 2–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Emanuel, E.J., D. Wendler, and C. Grady. 2000. What Makes Clinical Research Ethical? JAMA 283: 2701–2711.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Future Market Insights. 2017. Saudi Arabia pharmaceutical market: supportive government reforms and rising diseases awareness to fuel revenue growth from branded pharmaceuticals in Saudi Arabia: Industry analysis and opportunity assessment, 2016–2026. Retrieved at:
  7. Jamjoom, A., A. Jamjoom, A. Samman, and A. Gahtani. 2015. Fate of registered clinical trials performed in Sauid Arabia. Saudi Med J 36: 1245–1248.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST). 2013. The national committee of bioethics. Retrieved at:
  9. MCT-CRO. 2017. Saudi Arabia. Retrieved at:
  10. National Committee of Bioethics (NCBE) 2015. Implementing Regulations of ethics of research on the living Creatures. Riyadh: King Abdulaziz City of Science and Technology. Retrieved at:
  11. Oxford Business Group. 2017. Health initiatives seek to expand access and improve quality of care in Saudi Arabia. Retrieved at:
  12. Food, Saudi, and Drug Authority. 2013. Clinical trials requirements/guidelines. Retrieved at:,-Guidelines-and-Guidance.aspx.Google Scholar
  13. Food, Saudi, and Drug Authority. 2015. Regulations & requirements for conducting clinical trials on drugs. Retrieved at:,-Guidelines-and-Guidance.aspx.Google Scholar
  14. Ecoomics, Trading. 2017. Saudi Arabia health care expenditure. Retrieved at: Scholar
  15. Wikipedia. 2017. Health care in Saudi Arabia. Retrieved at:

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.King Abdullah International Medical Research Center (KAIMRC), King Saud bin Abdulaziz University For Health Sciences (KSAU-HS)King Abdulaziz Medical City, Ministry of National Guard – Health AffairsRiyadhSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.University of MarylandBaltimoreUSA

Personalised recommendations