Relational Capital in Universities: The “Ipazia” Observatory on Gender Issues

Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Business and Economics book series (SPBE)

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is twofold: first, to carry out a literature review in order to know whether and to what extent the studies conducted so far have addressed relational capital in universities and, then, to provide a new framework for good practice that combines research, education, external universities (third mission) and internal relations. Our investigation aims to answer the following RQ: “How is relational capital formed in universities? How is it managed?” From a methodological point of view, we start with a literature review on relational capital and then we develop a case study. As far as the literature review is concerned, a search on Scopus was conducted, using a set of selected keywords, because it guarantees a high quality for publications. Selected papers have been analysed in an attempt to identify the main issues. The case study is a research strategy particularly suitable for an in-depth examination of current real-life events. The case chosen focuses on the foundation and development of the scientific observatory on gender issues entitled “Ipazia”. All relationships built in order to merge research, teaching and third mission within universities will be analysed and discussed. The analysed case study allows us to investigate whether and how the use of relational capital enables universities to combine research, education and third mission. Meanwhile, our research highlights how “Ipazia” can be seen as an activator of relationships for gender studies. Our research project aims to extend the analysis of relational capital in universities. This project could allow us to gain a greater understanding of a relevant subject, especially for those, scholars or politicians, who are involved in developing, managing and measuring relational capital in universities. Finally, this paper contributes to the expansion of the literature on gender studies, and for this reason, it offers a new perspective applied to a topic of high relevance such as relational capital in universities.

Keywords

Relational capital Gender studies Entrepreneurial university 

References

  1. Altenburger, O. A., & Schaffhauser-Linzatti, M. M. (2015). The suitability of intellectual capital reports for the quantitative measurement of overall university performance. In Incentives and performance (pp. 379–396). Springer International Publishing.Google Scholar
  2. Antoncic, B., & Hisrich, R. D. (2001). Intrapreneurship: Construct refinement and cross-cultural validation. Journal of Business Venturing, 16(5), 495–527.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bezhani, I. (2010). Intellectual capital reporting at UK universities. Journal of Intellectual Capital, 11(2), 179–207.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bratianu, C., Voges, K., Dima, A. M., & Glaser-Segura, D. A. (2014). Evaluating international competitiveness: A study of the application of external quality assurance performance indicators in Romania. In Handbook of research on trends in european higher education convergence (pp. 202–218). Hershey, PA: IGI Global.Google Scholar
  5. Bucheli, V., Díaz, A., Calderón, J. P., Lemoine, P., Valdivia, J. A., Villaveces, J. L., & Zarama, R. (2012). Growth of scientific production in Colombian universities: An intellectual capital-based approach. Scientometrics, 91(2), 369–382.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Carayannis, E., Del Giudice, M., & Rosaria Della Peruta, M. (2014). Managing the intellectual capital within government-university-industry R&D partnerships: A framework for the engineering research centers. Journal of Intellectual Capital, 15(4), 611–630.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cesaroni, F. M., Demartini, P., & Paoloni, P. (2016). Women in business and social media: state of the art and research agenda. In Paper presented at IFKAD 2016- International Forum on Knowledge Asset Dynamics, Dresden, 15–17 June 2016. ISBN: 978-88-96687-00-0.Google Scholar
  8. Conger, J. A., & Kanungo, R. N. (1998). Charismatic leadership in organizations. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  9. Córcoles, Y. R. (2013). Importance of intellectual capital disclosure in Spanish universities. Intangible Capital, 9(3), 931–944.Google Scholar
  10. Córcoles, Y. R., & Ponce, Á. T. (2013). Cost–benefit analysis of intellectual capital disclosure: University stakeholders’ view. Revista de Contabilidad, 16(2), 106–117.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Corcoles, Y. R., Peralver, S., Jesus, F., & Ponce, Á. T. (2012). Information needs on intellectual capital in Spanish public universities. Cuadernos de Gestión, 12(1), 83–106.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Dumay, J. C. (2010). A critical reflective discourse of an interventionist research project. Qualitative research in Accounting and Management, 7(1), 46–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Eisenhardt, K. M. (1989). Agency theory: An assessment and review. Academy of Management Review, 14(1), 57–74.Google Scholar
  14. Elena-Pérez, S., Saritas, O., Pook, K., & Warden, C. (2011). Ready for the future? Universities’ capabilities to strategically manage their intellectual capital. Foresight, 13(2), 31–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Etzkowitz, H., & Leydesdorff, L. (2000). The dynamics of innovation: from National Systems and “Mode 2” to a Triple Helix of university–industry–government relations. Research Policy, 29(2), 109–123.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Etzkowitz, H. (2004). The evolution of the entrepreneurial university. International Journal of Technology and Globalisation, 1(1), 64–77.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Feng, H. I., Chen, C. S., Wang, C. H., & Chiang, H. C. (2012). The role of intellectual capital and university technology transfer offices in university-based technology transfer. The Service Industries Journal, 32(6), 899–917.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Garnett, J. (2001). Work based learning and the intellectual capital of universities and employers. The Learning Organization, 8(2), 78–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Gephart, R. P. (2004). Qualitative research and the Academy of Management Journal. Academy of Management Journal, 47(4), 454–462.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. George, A. L., & Bennett, A. (2005). Case studies and theory development in the social sciences. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  21. Gibb, A., & Hannon, P. (2006). Towards the entrepreneurial university. International Journal of Entrepreneurship Education, 4(1), 73–110.Google Scholar
  22. Hakkak, M., Vahdati, H., & Neia, N. J. (2015). The effect of intellectual capital on competitive intelligence through the sharing and transfer of knowledge (case study Lorestan University). International Journal of Applied Business and Economic Research, 13(8), 6593–6602.Google Scholar
  23. Handzic, M., & Ozlen, K. (2011). Intellectual capital in universities: Faculty and student perceptions. In Proceedings of the European conference on knowledge management, ECKM.Google Scholar
  24. Karami, S., & Vafaei, A. (2012). Australian universities and intellectual capital reporting: Case study of the group of eight. In International conference on intellectual capital and knowledge management and organisational learning (p. 120). Academic Conferences International Limited.Google Scholar
  25. Lazzeroni, M., & Piccaluga, A. (2003). Towards the entrepreneurial university. Local Economy, 18(1), 38–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Lee, S. H. (2010). Using fuzzy AHP to develop intellectual capital evaluation model for assessing their performance contribution in a university. Expert Systems with Applications, 37(7), 4941–4947.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Leitner, K. H. (2004). Intellectual capital reporting for universities: Conceptual background and application for Austrian universities. Research Evaluation, 13(2), 129–140.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Low, M., Samkin, G., & Li, Y. (2015). Voluntary reporting of intellectual capital: Comparing the quality of disclosures from New Zealand, Australian and United Kingdom universities. Journal of Intellectual Capital, 16(4), 779–808.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Lu, W. M. (2012). Intellectual capital and university performance in Taiwan. Economic Modelling, 29(4), 1081–1089.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. McTaggart, R., & Kemmis, S. (1988). The action research planner. Burwood, Australia: Deakin university.Google Scholar
  31. Melrose, J., Ghosh, P., & Taylor, T. K. (2001). A comparative analysis of the differential spatial and temporal distributions of the large (aggrecan, versican) and small (decorin, biglycan, fibromodulin) proteoglycans of the intervertebral disc. The. Journal of Anatomy, 198(1), 3–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Mercado-Salgado, P., Gil-Monte, P., & Del Rosario Demuner-Flores, M. (2014). Development and initial validation of a survey for intellectual capital in universities. In Proceedings of the European conference on knowledge management, ECKM. Google Scholar
  33. Miller, K., Moffett, S., McAdam, R., & Brennan, M. (2013). Intellectual capital: A valuable resource for university technology commercialisation?. In Proceedings of the european conference on knowledge management, ECKM. Google Scholar
  34. Mumtaz, S., & Abbas, Q. (2014). An empirical investigation of intellectual capital affecting the performance: A case of private universities in Pakistan. World Applied Sciences Journal, 32(7), 1460–1467.Google Scholar
  35. Nava-Rogel, R. M., & Mercado-Salgado, P. (2011). Análisis de trayectoria del capital intelectual en una universidad pública mexicana. Revista electrónica de investigación educativa, 13(2), 166–187.Google Scholar
  36. Nazem, F. V. (2011). A scale for measuring the intellectual capital in universities. In Proceedings of the european conference on knowledge management, ECKM. Google Scholar
  37. Paloma Sánchez, M., Elena, S., & Castrillo, R. (2009). Intellectual capital dynamics in universities: A reporting model. Journal of Intellectual Capital, 10(2), 307–324.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Patton, M. Q. (2005). Qualitative research. New York: Wiley.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Ramírez Córcoles, Y., Santos Peñalver, J. F., & Tejada Ponce, Á. (2011). Intellectual capital in Spanish public universities: Stakeholders’ information needs. Journal of Intellectual Capital, 12(3), 356–376.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Ramírez, Y., & Gordillo, S. (2014). Recognition and measurement of intellectual capital in Spanish universities. Journal of Intellectual Capital, 15(1), 173–188.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Ramírez, Y., Lorduy, C., & Rojas, J. A. (2007). Intellectual capital management in Spanish universities. Journal of Intellectual Capital, 8(4), 732–748.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Ramirez, Y., Tejada, A., & Manzaneque, M. (2016). The value of disclosing intellectual capital in Spanish universities: A new challenge of our days. Journal of Organizational Change Management, 29(2), 176–198.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Ramírez-Córcoles, Y., & Manzaneque-Lizano, M. (2015). The relevance of intellectual capital disclosure: Empirical evidence from Spanish universities. Knowledge Management Research and Practice, 13(1), 31–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Reason, P., & Bradbury, H. (2006). Handbook of action research: The concise paperback edition. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  45. Renzl, B. (2006). Intellectual capital reporting at universities–the Austrian approach. International Journal of Learning and Intellectual Capital, 3(3), 293–309.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Sampedro, C. F., Sánchez, M. P. S., Santaló, F. S., & Castañé, E. R. (2012). Measuring and managing intellectual capital at a university hospital in the 21st century. In Proceedings of the European conference on knowledge management, ECKM.Google Scholar
  47. Secundo, G., Dumay, J., Schiuma, G., & Passiante, G. (2016). Managing intellectual capital through a collective intelligence approach: An integrated framework for universities. Journal of Intellectual Capital, 17(2), 298–319.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Secundo, G., & Elia, G. (2014). A performance measurement system for academic entrepreneurship: a case study. Measuring Business Excellence, 18(3), 23–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Secundo, G., Elena-Perez, S., Martinaitis, Ž., & Leitner, K. H. (2015). An intellectual capital maturity model (ICMM) to improve strategic management in European universities: A dynamic approach. Journal of Intellectual Capital, 16(2), 419–442.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Shein, E. (1987). The clinical perspective in field work. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Siboni, B., Nardo, M. T., & Sangiorgi, D. (2013). Italian state university contemporary performance plans: An intellectual capital focus? Journal of Intellectual Capital, 14(3), 414–430.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Smoląg, K., Ślusarczyk, B., & Kot, S. (2016). The role of social media in management of relational capital in universities. Prabandhan: Indian Journal of Management, 9(10), 34–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Szopa, A. (2013). Intellectual capital and business performance in university spin-off companies. InIntellectual capital strategy management for knowledge-based organizations (pp. 215–224).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Tahooneh, S., & Shatalebi, B. (2012). The relationship between intellectual capital and organizational creativity among faculty members of islamic Azad University, Khorasgan branch in 2011–2012. Life Science Journal, 9(4), 5626–5632.Google Scholar
  55. Teimouri, H., Sarand, V. F., & Hosseini, S. H. (2017). Assessment of the relationship between intellectual capital and organisational health through mediator of employee empowerment (case study: Islamic Azad University employees Shabestar). International Journal of Learning and Intellectual Capital, 14(1), 11–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Vagnoni, E., & Oppi, C. (2015). Investigating factors of intellectual capital to enhance achievement of strategic goals in a university hospital setting. Journal of Intellectual Capital, 16(2), 331–363.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Vagnoni, E., Guthrie, J., & Steane, P. (2005). Recent developments in universities regarding intellectual capital and intellectual property. InHealth policy and high-tech industrial development: Learning from innovation in the health industry (pp. 103–124). Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar.Google Scholar
  58. Veltri, S., Mastroleo, G., & Schaffhauser-Linzatti, M. (2014). Measuring intellectual capital in the university sector using a fuzzy logic expert system. Knowledge Management Research and Practice, 12(2), 175–192.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Vorley, T., & Nelles, J. (2008). (Re) conceptualising the academy. Higher Education Management and Policy, 20(3), 1–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Yin, R. K. (2013). Case study research: Design and methods. London: Sage.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of UNISU, Faculty of EconomicsNiccolò Cusano UniversityRomeItaly
  2. 2.Department of Business StudiesUniversity of Rome TRERomeItaly

Personalised recommendations