Basic Research on Calcification Transformation Process of Low Grade Bauxite
Our group put forward a “Calcification-Carbonation” new process use of low grade bauxite to produce alumina based on the problem of bauxite grade are decreasing gradually in china. This paper studies the effect of reaction thermodynamics, kinetics and processing parameters in calcification process. The thermodynamics calculation results show that both calcification reactions of gibbsite and diaspore can proceed within their dissolution temperature range. The study of Non-isothermal kinetics by high-pressure DCS results show that the calcification reaction for gibbsite occur within the temperature range 231.7–248.2°C and 248.2–268.7°C, with an activation energy of 23.7kJ/mol and 18.0kJ/mol respectively; diaspore occur within the temperature range 236.7–255.6°C and 255.6–287.5°C, with an activation energy of 264.9kJ/mol and 118.5kJ/mol respectively. Experimental results show that the appropriate calcification temperature of diaspore and gibbsite are 245°C and 180°C, molar ratio of CaO to SiO2 is 4.69:1; under these condition, silicon phase in minerals transformed hydrogarnet completely.
Keywordslow grade bauxite calcification-carbonation calcification transformation hydrogarnet
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