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Internal Mammary Lymph Node Metastasis from Breast Cancer

  • Robert MatthewsEmail author
  • Elham Safaie
Chapter

Abstract

Internal mammary lymph node metastasis from breast cancer is important to detect as it upstages the patient and requires adjustment of the radiotherapy field. PET/MR imaging can help determine if there is malignant lymph node involvement through the combination of morphological MRI characteristics and determination of metabolic activity.

Keywords

Lymph nodes Internal mammary nodes Breast cancer Metastasis PET/MR FDG 

Suggested Reading

  1. Mack M, Chetlen A, Liao J. Incidental internal mammary lymph nodes visualized on screening breast MRI. AJR. 2015;205:209–14.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Scatarige J, Boxen I, Smathers RL. Internal mammary lymphadenopathy: imaging of a vital lymphatic pathway in breast cancer. Radiographics. 1990;10:857–70.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of RadiologyStony Brook University HospitalStony BrookUSA

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