Individual Differences in Self-Regulation

Chapter

Abstract

This chapter is based on the assumption that neglecting individual differences in psychological research impedes progress in psychological research. The existence of individual differences is a necessary condition for uncovering general rules of behavior. After describing the close connection between processes of motivation and self-regulation, the chapter will decompose popular global constructs of self-regulation into their functional components. This functional analysis of self-regulatory competences provides an explanation of the processes affecting the interaction between motivation and self-regulation. Additionally, individual differences regarding the regulation of positive and negative affect (e.g., action vs. state orientation) are of particular importance because the mental systems required for enacting intentions (action control) and learning from mistakes (personal growth) are activated by affect regulation.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universität Osnabrück, Institut für PsychologieOsnabrückGermany

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