Crime, Criminality, and North-to-South Criminological Complexities: Theoretical Implications for Policing ‘Hotspot’ Communities in ‘Underdeveloped’ Countries

  • Danielle Watson
  • Dylan Kerrigan


This chapter explores the dangers of designing policies using force-to-fit Northern theories falling short in their considerations of social and cultural diversities, context, and social actors. It does this by highlighting the importance of considering the social and cultural ideologies of ‘othered’ groups on the ‘margins’ as relevant to criminological discussions and presenting the general complexities of North-to-South policing policy transfer. Marginalized communities in underdeveloped societies with diasporic histories and culturally unique positions on crime and criminality are presented as a context for understanding the complexity of policing policies which are informed by Northern ideological positioning. This chapter is applicable both to the Southern criminology project and to epistemic decolonialization more generally as it adds to the discourse on expanding transnational policing agendas.


Policing Policy transfer Underdeveloped countries Crime and criminality 


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© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Danielle Watson
    • 1
  • Dylan Kerrigan
    • 2
  1. 1.The University of the South PacificSuvaFiji
  2. 2.Faculty of Social SciencesUniversity of the West IndiesSt AugustineTrinidad and Tobago

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