Unpacking the Nexus Between Market Liberalisation and Desecuritisation in Energy

  • Irina Kustova
Chapter
Part of the Energy, Climate and the Environment book series (ECE)

Abstract

The widespread assumption that a choice of market reforms presupposes a non-securitised path of energy policies makes the desecuritisation of energy politics an essentially rationalist-driven framework. This study argues that market liberalisation is neither a necessary nor a sufficient condition for the “normalisation” of energy politics. It suggests that linking a particular type of energy market governance (“market liberalisation”) with (de)securitisation processes requires the analysis of case-specific conditions, which create the environment where tendencies for either securitisation or desecuritisation could prevail. These conditions include (i) the compatibility of domestic institutional models of the energy sector, which refers to the consensus upon contractual forms, deliveries, and access to markets among actors, and (ii) the “non-strategic” socio-economic role of resources, which reflects actors’ perceptions about the importance of a particular resource for states’ economy, security, and policies. In this regard, this study understands market liberalisation as a specific institutional model of domestic energy markets (“domestic liberalisation”) and as a specific mode of international energy governance (“international liberalisation”), both of which comprise a set of rules, perceptions, and ideas. By subjecting the concepts of liberalisation and (de)securitisation to greater scrutiny, this chapter seeks to demonstrate that no deterministic and linear relationship between the two exists.

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Irina Kustova
    • 1
  1. 1.University of TrentoTrentoItaly

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