The Multiple Faces of Energy Security: An Introduction
If EU Member States face similar energy security challenges, but often opt for differing interpretations and policy solutions, how can we assess their potential for energy cooperation? An important divisive factor is the divergent understanding of 'energy security'. How does it differ between states, energy sectors and within each sector? These are the main questions that the entire edited volume tries to answer. This introductory chapter begins with a broad literature review on the way ‘energy security’ should be understood. After presenting the most conventional definition which originates in the policy realm and visibly dominates the field, I discuss three approaches to elaborating and (re)defining 'energy security'. These are dubbed: inductive, abductive and deductive. I then argue for the importance of a 'deductively' acquired analytical concept of ‘energy security’, allowing to distinguish it properly from other areas of security and other policy fields. Defining energy security as ‘low vulnerability of vital energy systems’ (Cherp and Jewell, Energy Policy 75:415–421, 2014), allows for the operationalisation of the general research problem posed earlier. I then present the rationale of the two parts of the book, and conclude with an overview of the chapters.
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