Privacy needs to be balanced against the needs of law enforcement and other criminal justice agencies to investigate crime and safeguard communities. The problem has always been to measure the nature of this balance in particular circumstances given the difficulties of defining ‘privacy’ in the first place. As long as there is discretion, there will be debates as to where the line falls to make it a proportionate rather than disproportionate intervention. According to Edward Snowden, ‘privacy matters. Privacy is what allows us to determine who we are and who we want to be’. In today’s digital age, it is important, now more than ever, that the criminal justice system is held to account for the safeguarding, collection and storage of private data.
- Anderson D (2015a) A Question of Trust: Report of the Investigatory Powers Review, Independent Reviewer of Terrorism Legislation, London.Google Scholar
- Castle S (2013) TV Message by Snowden Says Privacy Still Matters. The New York Times, 25 December.Google Scholar
- DBS News (Disclosure and Barring Service) (2016) Met Police Update: Working Together to Reduce Backlogs, March, Royal Wootton Bassett (available at https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/513260/DBS_News_March_2016_Final.pdf accessed 10 May 2017).
- Greenwald G, Poitras L and MacAskill E (2013) Edward Snowden: US Surveillance ‘Not Something I’m Willing to Live Under’. The Guardian, 8 July.Google Scholar
- House of Commons (2016a) Investigatory Powers Bill: Technology Issues Science and Technology Committee (3rd Report of Session 2015–16), HC 573, January, London.Google Scholar
- House of Commons (2015a) Privacy and Security: A Modern and Transparent Legal Framework Intelligence and Security Committee, HC 1075, March, London.Google Scholar
- Liberty (2016h) Show Me Yours… (available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=szN7DlmMLYg&feature=share accessed 14 May 2017).
- Rusbridger A, Gibson J and MacAskill E (2015) Edward Snowden: NSA Reform in the US IS Only the Beginning. The Guardian, 22 May.Google Scholar
- Sparrow A (2017) WhatsApp Must Be Accessible to Authorities, Says Amber Rudd. The Guardian, 26 March.Google Scholar
- Wacks R (1989) Personal Information, Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
- Investigatory Powers Act 2016 – 8, 17, 36, 70–72, 80, 83–87, 209, 232, 235.Google Scholar