Basic Vector/Matrix Structure and Notation

  • James E. Gentle
Part of the Springer Texts in Statistics book series (STS)


Vectors and matrices are useful in representing multivariate numeric data, and they occur naturally in working with linear equations or when expressing linear relationships among objects. Numerical algorithms for a variety of tasks involve matrix and vector arithmetic. An optimization algorithm to find the minimum of a function, for example, may use a vector of first derivatives and a matrix of second derivatives; and a method to solve a differential equation may use a matrix with a few diagonals for computing differences.

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • James E. Gentle
    • 1
  1. 1.FairfaxUSA

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