The Effect of a Music Intervention Program on Self-Esteem and Aggression in Korean Male Middle School Students with Maladjustment Problems

  • Hyun-Sil Kim
  • Hun-Soo Kim
  • Cretien van Campen
Part of the Advances in Mental Health and Addiction book series (AMHA)


Research Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of musical instrument performance on self-esteem and aggression in Korean male middle school students with maladjustment problems.

Methods: A quasi-experimental study design was employed with the experimental group receiving weekly group music intervention program (n = 30) and a control group receiving weekly group counseling provided by a school counselor on a regular basis (n = 31). Self-esteem and aggression were evaluated using a questionnaire and were measured twice over 24 weeks.

Results: A statistically significant within-group change was observed for the experimental group’s score of total self-esteem, whereas the control group showed only change in the score of general self-esteem. In between-groups comparison, there was a statistically significant mean difference in total score of self-esteem, whereas there was no significant mean difference in total score of aggression at the post-test.

Discussion and Implications: The research suggests that music intervention can be used effectively to mental health improvement for children and adolescents.


Aggression Music intervention Self-esteem School maladjustment 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hyun-Sil Kim
    • 1
  • Hun-Soo Kim
    • 2
  • Cretien van Campen
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of NursingDaegu Haany UniversityDaeguSouth Korea
  2. 2.Department of PsychiatryAsan Medical Center, College of Medicine, University of UlsanSeoulSouth Korea
  3. 3.The Netherlands Institute for Social ResearchHagueThe Netherlands

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