The Effect of a Music Intervention Program on Self-Esteem and Aggression in Korean Male Middle School Students with Maladjustment Problems
Research Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of musical instrument performance on self-esteem and aggression in Korean male middle school students with maladjustment problems.
Methods: A quasi-experimental study design was employed with the experimental group receiving weekly group music intervention program (n = 30) and a control group receiving weekly group counseling provided by a school counselor on a regular basis (n = 31). Self-esteem and aggression were evaluated using a questionnaire and were measured twice over 24 weeks.
Results: A statistically significant within-group change was observed for the experimental group’s score of total self-esteem, whereas the control group showed only change in the score of general self-esteem. In between-groups comparison, there was a statistically significant mean difference in total score of self-esteem, whereas there was no significant mean difference in total score of aggression at the post-test.
Discussion and Implications: The research suggests that music intervention can be used effectively to mental health improvement for children and adolescents.
KeywordsAggression Music intervention Self-esteem School maladjustment
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