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Ancient DNA in Zooarchaeology: New Methods, New Questions and Settling Old Debates in Pacific Commensal Studies

  • Elizabeth Matisoo-Smith
Chapter

Abstract

New methods in DNA analyses, particularly the development of Next Generation Sequencing, have opened up new opportunities for aDNA studies in general and increased the possibilities for zooarchaeological studies; however, regardless of the data that can be obtained from faunal samples, archaeological context and geographic sampling are still critical issues. Using examples from Pacific commensal studies this paper will discuss how the application of these new methods and better sampling could not only tease out complex histories of settlement and interactions, but address new questions regarding human and animal interactions in the past and solve some of the major debates in Pacific prehistory.

Keywords

Oceania Polynesia Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) Rattus exulans Dogs Pigs Chickens 

Notes

Acknowledgments

I would like to thank Christina Giovas and Aaron Poteate for organizing the SAA session in which this paper was presented and for encouraging continued discussion and dialogue.

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© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of AnatomyUniversity of OtagoDunedinNew Zealand

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