Contemporary Educational Management Through the String Theory Lens
Educational management is at crossroads; the old management paradigms seem to offer no practical solutions to the ever-changing educational dynamics. Theories once trusted and relied upon for answers to daunting educational questions seem dead and extinct. Managers and indeed leaders of educational institutions are embroiled in a state of quagmire and have to “think outside the box” for appropriate solutions or approaches to the dictates of the times. Tellingly, this implies searching from outside of education’s arsenal. This paper dwells on this, indeed, and explores the applicability of string theory – borrowed from physics to education in general and educational management in particular. It dissects the elements of string theory and draws on their relationship with educational settings. The authors, thus, claim that if educational managers and leaders dig deep into string theory, they are likely to learn, quite extensively and intensively, the necessary techniques of dealing with challenges to education that have since become an Achilles’ heel. String theory, it should be largely claimed, renders educational management a free visa to transformation of the education system as a whole.
KeywordsString theory Educational management Complexity Scientific evolution System transformation
- Barbour, C., Barbour, N. H., & Scully, P. A. (2008). Families, schools, and communities: Building partnerships for educating children (pp. 41–43). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.Google Scholar
- Bornoff, G. (1968) http://www.fase.org/about-bornoff/
- Erçetin, Ş. Ş., & Bisaso, S. M. (2016). The influence of changing paradigms on educational management and school administration. In Ş. Ş. Erçetin (Ed.), Applied chaos and complexity theory in education (pp. 11–28). Hershey: Information Science Reference. https://doi.org/10.4018/978-1-5225-0460-3.ch002.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Erçetin, Ş. Ş., & Bisaso, S. M. (2015). The Incorporation of Fractals into Educational Management and its Implications for School Management Models. In Ş.Ş. Erçetin & S. Banerjee (Eds.) “http://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-94-007-7362-2“ Chaos, Complexity and Leadership 2013. “http://link.springer.com/bookseries/11637“Springer Proceedings in Complexity, Ch 4, 35–55. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-09710-7_4
- Erçetin, Ş. Ş., Bisaso, S. M., Saeed, F. (2015). Understanding chaos and complexity in education systems through conceptualization of fractal properties. In Ş. Ş. Erçetin, & S. Banerjee (Eds.), Chaos, complexity and leadership 2013 (Ch 12, 147–161). Springer Proceedings in Complexity: Switzerland.Google Scholar
- Global Monitoring Report. (2012). Youth and skills: Putting education to work. education for all. Paris: UNESCO.Google Scholar
- Hall, S. (2008). Kültürel Çalışmalar ve Teorik Mirası. Çelenk, S. (der.) içinde. İletişim Çalışmalarında Kırılmalar ve Uzlaşmalar. Ankara: De Ki Basım Yayım.Google Scholar
- Heisenberg, W. C. (1943). Das Elektromagnetische Verhelten der Supraleiter. Band 3a, Heft 2, 1948. Paperback – 1948.Google Scholar
- Ibáñez, E. L., & Uranga, M. A. (2012). String theory and particle physics: An introduction to string phenomenology. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press: The Edinburgh Building. 978-0-521-51752-2.Google Scholar
- Jamali, D. (2004). Changing management paradigms: Implications for educational institutions. Beirut: Suliman S. Olayan School of Business, American University of Beirut.Google Scholar
- Kara, A. (2008) Understanding today’s schools with chaos theory. http://www.fountainmagazine.com/Issue/detail/Understanding-Todays-Schools-with-Chaos-Theory
- Loeb, N. G., Kato, S., WY, S., Wong, T. M., Rose, F. G., Doelling, D. R., Norris, J. R., & Huang, X. L. (2012). Advances in understanding top-of-atmosphere radiation variability from satellite observations. Surveys in Geophysics, 33, 359–385.Google Scholar
- Luneburg, F. C., & Ornstein, A. C. (2012). Educational administration: Concepts and practices (6th ed.) ISBN-13: 9781111301248. Wadsword: Cengage Learning.Google Scholar
- Michigan Department of Education [MDE]. (2003). Michigan Department of Education no child left behind adequate yearly progress report. http://www.michigan.gov/documents/Final_NCLB_Prog_with_fillins_85645_7.
- National Governors’ Association. (2015). Twenty key questions every governing board should ask itself. All party parliamentary group on Educational Governance and Leadership. http://www.bloomsbury.com/uk/key-questions-in-education.
- Nevin, E. (2008). Education and sustainable development. Policy & Practice: A Development Education Review, 6, 49–62.Google Scholar
- Ornstein, A. C., & Hankins, F. P. (2004). Curriculum: Foundations, principles and issues (4th ed.). Boston: Pearson Education.Google Scholar
- Raye, J. (2012). Fractal organization theory. http://journals.isss.org/index.php/proceedings56th/article/viewFile/1796/663
- Shing-Tung, Y., & Nadis, S. (2010). String theory and the geometry of the universe’s hidden dimensions: The shape of inner space. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- Sıgrı, U. (2010). The paradigm shift in educational management: An evaluation of distributed learning as future approach. The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, 9, 2.Google Scholar
- Trygestad, J. (1997). Chaos in the classroom: An application of chaos theory. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Chicago, IL, 24–28 Mar).Google Scholar
- UNESCO. (2009). The role of education for sustainable development in higher education. Report of DAAD/UNU-ViE joint workshops on the occasion of the UNESCO World Conference on Education for Sustainable Development: 31 Mar–2 Apr 2009.Google Scholar
- Wiles, J., & Bondi, J. (2007). Curriculum development: A guide to practice (7th ed.). New Jersey: Merrill prentice hall.Google Scholar
- Zhao, Y. (2009). Catching up or leading the way: Recent Education Reform in the United States.Google Scholar
- Zimmerman, J. A., & Robbins, D. (2010). String theory for dummies. Indianapolis: Wiley. 978-0-470-46724-4. www.unesco.org/.../education/.../education.../education.../five-pillars-of-learning/; http://www.educause.edu/LearningSpace/942.Google Scholar
Additional Reading List
- Centre for Curriculum Redesign. (2015). http://curriculumredesign.org/wp-content/uploads/CCR-CharacterEducation_FINAL_27Feb2015.pdf
- Crawford, D. (2013). 4 effective conflict resolution strategies in the classroom. Portland: Concordia University.Google Scholar
- Edutopia. (2014). Why learning space matters. www.edutopia.org/blog/why-learning-space-matters-ramona-persaud.
- Fullan, M. (2000). Contextual forces that influence the education system.Google Scholar
- Glossary of Educational Reform. (2013). edglossary.org/critical-thinking/.
- Griffiths, D., & Portelli, J. P. (2015). Key questions for educational leaders. Burlington: Word and Deed Publishing. 978-0-9918626-1-0.Google Scholar
- Huffington post. (2014). www.huffingtonpost.com/richard-koch/the-universe-is-complex_b_5151524.html.
- Lucas, K. (n.d.). Teachers, learners, and programs in string education: A review of research. Kent State University.Google Scholar
- Oblinger, D. G., & Oblinger, J. L. (2005). Educating the net generation. Edu-cause: Transforming education through information technologies.Google Scholar
- OECD. (2004). Problem solving for tomorrow’s world: First measures of cross-curricular competencies from PISA 2003.Google Scholar
- Ofsted. (2001). Action planning for school improvement. Office of Her Majesty’s Chief Inspector of Schools. 33 Kingsway London.Google Scholar
- Ruppert, S. (2010). Creativity, innovation and arts learning. Preparing all students for success in a global economy. Arts Education department. https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Foundations_of_Education_and_Instructional_Assessment/Curriculum/Three_R%27s; www.universetoday.com/36302/atoms-in-the-universe/.