Prison Breaks pp 143-168 | Cite as

Chapter 5 Prison Escape and Its Political Imaginary in Times of Political Crisis: Tunisia, 2011–2016

  • Yasmine Bouagga
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Prisons and Penology book series (PSIPP)

Abstract

In 2011, during and after the revolutionary events in Tunisia, over a third of the total prison population escaped. These widespread jailbreaks could have been a symbol of emancipation from an abusive state power; but in Tunisia they instead came to represent the threat of criminal destabilization, and rumors of conspiracies against the democratic movement. Beyond the anecdotal dimension of these unusual events, this chapter analyzes the changing meanings of mass prison escapes in times of political transition, as they can be interpreted as part of liberatory moves, or reframed in a security-oriented political imaginary fueling more punitive policies.

References

  1. Allal, A. (2011). Avant on tenait le mur, maintenant on tient le quartier! Politique africaine, 1, 53–67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Allal, A., & Geisser, V. (2011). Tunisie : “Révolution de jasmin” ou Intifada ? Mouvements, 66(2), 62–68.Google Scholar
  3. Ayari, M. B. (2013a). La “révolution tunisienne”, une émeute politique qui a réussi ?. In A. Allal, & T. Pierret (Eds.), Au cœur des révoltes arabes: devenir révolutionnaires (pp. 241–260).Google Scholar
  4. Ayari, M. B. (2013b). Tunisia: Violence and the Salafi Challenge. International Crisis Group. Available at: https://www.crisisgroup.org/middle-east-north-africa/north-africa/tunisia/tunisia-violence-and-salafi-challenge. Accessed 6 Oct 2017.Google Scholar
  5. Bagoyoko, N., & Gibert, M. V. (2009). The Linkage Between Security, Governance and Development: The European Union in Africa. The Journal of Development Studies, 45(5), 789–814.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Banégas, R. (1993). Les transitions démocratiques : mobilisations collectives et fluidité politique. Cultures & Conflits (12). Available at: http://conflits.revues.org/435Google Scholar
  7. Beckett, K., & Godoy, A. (2008). Power, Politics, and Penality: Punitiveness as Backlash in American Democracies. Studies in Law, Politics and Society, 45, 139–173.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bel Haj Zekri, A. (2011). La dimension sociopolitique actuelle de la migration en Tunisie. 48. Florence: Institut Universitaire Européen.Google Scholar
  9. Blavier, P. (2016). Sociogenèse de la révolution tunisienne : expansion scolaire, chômage et inégalités régionales. Actes de la recherche en sciences sociales, 1(211–212), 55–71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Bouagga, Y. (2016). Une mondialisation du “bien punir”. La prison dans les programmes de développement. Mouvements, 4(88), 50–58.Google Scholar
  11. Caldeira, T. P. R. (2006). “I Came to Sabotage Your Reasoning!”: Violence and Resignifications of Justice in Brazil. In J. Comaroff & J. L. Comaroff (Eds.), Law and Disorder in the Postcolony (pp. 102–149). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  12. Camau, M., & Geisser, V. (2003). Le syndrome autoritaire: politique en Tunisie de Bourguiba à Ben Ali. Paris: Presses de Sciences Po.Google Scholar
  13. Cohen, S. (1972). Folk Devils and Moral Panics: The Creation of the Mods and Rockers. London: MacGibbon and Kee.Google Scholar
  14. Coman, R., & de Waele, J.-M. (2007). Judicial Reforms in Central and Eastern European Countries. Brugge/Baden-Baden: Vanden Broele/Nomos.Google Scholar
  15. Comaroff, J., & Comaroff, J. L. (2004). Criminal Obsessions, After Foucault: Postcoloniality, Policing, and the Metaphysics of Disorder. Critical Inquiry, 30(4), 800–824.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Comaroff, J., & Comaroff, J. L. (2006). Law and Disorder in the Postcolony. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Dissel, A., & Ellis, S. (2002). Ambitions réformatrices et inertie du social dans les prisons sud-africaines. Critique internationale, 3(16), 137–152.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Dobry, M. (2009). Sociologie des crises politiques la dynamique des mobilisations multisectorielles. Paris: Presses de Science Po.Google Scholar
  19. Elias, N., & Scotson, J. L. (1994). The Established and the Outsiders. London: SAGE Publications.Google Scholar
  20. Fargues, P., & Fandrich, C. (2012). Migration After the Arab Spring. Florence: Migration Policy Center – European University Institute.Google Scholar
  21. Favarel-Garrigues, G. (2002). Priorités et limites de la politique pénitentiaire en Russie. Critique internationale, 16(3), 121–135.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Feldman, A. (1991). Formations of Violence: The Narrative of the Body and Political Terror in Northern Ireland. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Gacon, S. (2002). L’amnistie: de la Commune à la guerre d’Algérie. Paris: Seuil.Google Scholar
  24. Godoy, A. S. (2006). Popular Injustice: Violence, Community, and Law in Latin America. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  25. Hibou, B. (2006). Domination & Control in Tunisia: Economic Levers for the Exercise of Authoritarian Power. Review of African political economy, 33(108), 185–206.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Hirschman, A. O. (1970). Exit, Voice, and Loyalty: Responses to Decline in Firms, Organizations and States. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  27. Hmed, C. (2011). “Si le peuple un jour aspire à vire, le destin se doit de répondre”. Apprendre à devenir révolutionnaire en Tunisie. Temps modernes, 664, 4–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Hmed, C. (2015). Répression d’État et situation révolutionnaire en Tunisie (2010–2011). Vingtième Siècle. Revue d’histoire, 4, 77–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Joinet, L. (1989). L’amnistie. Le droit à la mémoire entre pardon et oubli. Communications, 49, 213–224.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Kartas, M. (2014). Foreign Aid and Security Sector Reform in Tunisia: Resistance and Autonomy of the Security Forces. Mediterranean Politics, 19, 373–391.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Lamloum, O., & Ben Zina, M. A. (2015). Les jeunes de Douar Hicher et d’Ettadhamen: une enquête sociologique. Tunis: Arabesque.Google Scholar
  32. Larkins, C. M. (1996). Judicial Independence and Democratization: A Theoretical and Conceptual Analysis. The American Journal of Comparative Law, 44(4), 605–626.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Lascoumes, P. (2006). Ruptures politiques et politiques pénitentiaires, analyse comparative des dynamiques de changement institutionnel. Déviance et Société, 30(3), 405–419.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Lüsebrink, H.-J. (1992). La Prise de la Bastille : archéologie d’un événement-symbole. Mélanges de l’Ecole française de Rome. Italie et Méditerranée, 104(1), 115–128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Merone, F. (2014). Enduring Class Struggle in Tunisia: The Fight for Identity Beyond Political Islam. British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/13530194.2015.973188.Google Scholar
  36. Newburn, T., & Sparks, R. (2004). Criminal Justice and Political Cultures: National and International Dimensions of Crime Control. Cullompton: Willan.Google Scholar
  37. Perrot, M. (1977). 1848 Révolution et Prisons. Annales historiques de la Révolution française, 228, 306–338.Google Scholar
  38. Piacentini, L. (2004). Surviving Russian Prisons: Punishment, Economy and Politics in Transition. Cullompton: Willan.Google Scholar
  39. Rhodes, L. A. (2004). Total Confinement: Madness and Reason in the Maximum Security Prison. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  40. Salmon, J.-M. (2016). 29 jours de révolution: histoire du soulèvement tunisien : 17 décembre 2010–14 janvier 2011. Paris: les Petits matins.Google Scholar
  41. Siméant, J. (2009). La grève de la faim. Paris: Presses de Science Po.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yasmine Bouagga
    • 1
  1. 1.CNRS—TriangleLyonFrance

Personalised recommendations