Dermatophytes and Dermatophytosis

  • Roberto ArenasEmail author
  • María del Rocío Reyes-Montes
  • Esperanza Duarte-Escalante
  • María Guadalupe Frías-De-León
  • Erick Martínez-Herrera


Dermatophytosis, are the most common fungal infection worldwide. Transmission is mostly by direct contact with infected animals, humans or contact with fomites. Clinical features vary according to the etiological agent. Dermatophytes belong to the genera Microsporum, Trichophyton, Epidermophyton (anamorphic state), and Arthroderma (teleomorphic state). The main etiological agents in humans are T. rubrum, T. tonsurans, T. mentagrophytes complex, and M. canis, M. gypseum, and E. floccosum. Recent phylogenetic studies indicate the existence of a fourth genus, Chrysosporium. In this chapter we analyze epidemiology, biology, clinical forms, pathogenesis, diagnosis, detection methods and treatment. Also molecular taxonomy, molecular epidemiology, molecular techniques, molecular identification and treatment are widely analyzed.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roberto Arenas
    • 1
    Email author
  • María del Rocío Reyes-Montes
    • 2
  • Esperanza Duarte-Escalante
    • 2
  • María Guadalupe Frías-De-León
    • 3
    • 4
  • Erick Martínez-Herrera
    • 4
  1. 1.Sección de MicologíaHospital General “Manuel Gea González”MéxicoMexico
  2. 2.Departamento de Microbiología y Parasitología, Facultad de MedicinaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM)MéxicoMexico
  3. 3.División de InvestigaciónHospital Juárez de México, Edificio E. Av. Instituto Politécnico Nacional 5160MéxicoMexico
  4. 4.Dirección de InvestigaciónHospital Regional de Alta Especialidad de IxtapalucaIxtapalucaMexico

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