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Road Tanker Dynamics Interacting with Liquid Sloshing Dynamics

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Part of the Springer Proceedings in Physics book series (SPPHY,volume 199)

Abstract

Research activities pertaining to road tankers dynamics and stability may be classified into three groups. These are liquid sloshing dynamics in moving containers, trucks dynamics carrying solids, and dynamic coupling of liquid-vehicle systems. The most serious problems of road tankers is rollover accidents due to lateral acceleration during vehicle maneuvers. For this reason many countries have imposed regulations for the minimum threshold of vehicle lateral acceleration during its maneuvers. This threshold value is usually estimated on quasi-dynamic approach which assumes that the liquid free surface takes a position orthogonal to the total body forces due to gravity and lateral acceleration. The modal analysis of liquid free surface on common tank cross-section geometries, such as horizontal circular, elliptic and generic cross section is presented together with the corresponding equivalent mechanical models . In particular, the Trammel equivalent pendulum received extensive research activities and the main results are discussed. The most difficult problem of road tankers is the coupling dynamics of liquid and vehicle dynamics under different conditions such as braking and lateral acceleration. In view of its complex nature, computer numerical simulations have been developed.

Keywords

  • Liquid Sloshing
  • Lateral Acceleration
  • Tank Cross Section
  • Free Liquid Surface
  • Fluid Slosh

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.

    TruckSim computer simulation system is a software package for predicting braking, steering, and roll behavior of heavy trucks and combination vehicles. The models range in complexity from a 26-degree-of-freedom two-axle truck model to a 67-degree-of-freedom tractor-semitrailer model. TruckSim does not have capabilities to simulate liquid loads, but in large part liquid motion is not at issue for full loads. The exception is in regards to the roll moment of inertia of the payload.

  2. 2.

    B-Train consists of two trailers linked together by a fifth wheel, which is located at the rear of the lead, or first, trailer and is mounted on a “tail” section commonly located immediately above the lead trailer axles. In North America this area of the lead trailer is often referred to as the “bridge”.

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Ibrahim, R.A. (2018). Road Tanker Dynamics Interacting with Liquid Sloshing Dynamics. In: Belhaq, M. (eds) Recent Trends in Applied Nonlinear Mechanics and Physics. Springer Proceedings in Physics, vol 199. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-63937-6_1

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