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‘An Exceptional Sentence’: Exploring the Implementation of the Order for Lifelong Restriction

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Part of the Palgrave Studies in Risk, Crime and Society book series (PSRCS)

Abstract

In Scotland in 2000, an expert committee made recommendations for the introduction of a new sentence—the Order for Lifelong Restriction (OLR)—intended to provide exceptional measures to manage the risk posed by those who present an enduring, life-endangering risk to others. Around that time, many other jurisdictions were similarly focused; however, the policy and sentence that emerged in Scotland have particular features that make the Scottish approach distinctive. Despite this, little has been written about the OLR. This chapter will draw on a range of data collected by the Risk Management Authority (RMA) to examine the application and implementation of the OLR since 2006.

Keywords

  • Order for Lifelong Restriction
  • Preventive sentencing
  • Human rights

The authors are employed by the Risk Management Authority; the views expressed in this chapter are their own and do not necessarily represent those of the Authority.

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Notes

  1. 1.

    The LSCMI addresses the main risk/need factors associated with offending; specific criminogenic needs relevant to violent offending; history of perpetration; prison experience; a range of social, welfare, health and victimisation issues; and responsivity issues.

  2. 2.

    Risk Management Authority (2011) proposes a structured risk assessment  process incorporating identification, analysis, evaluation and communication.

  3. 3.

    Andrews et al. (2011) and Hemphill (2003) provide guidelines for the interpretation of the magnitude of a correlation, acknowledging that the values set by Cohen (1988) occur infrequently in psychological research.

  4. 4.

    Risk Management Authority (2011) proposes that the assessment and evaluation of risk should consider the pattern, nature, seriousness and likelihood of further offending.

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Gailey, Y., Martin, L., Webb, R. (2017). ‘An Exceptional Sentence’: Exploring the Implementation of the Order for Lifelong Restriction. In: McCartan, K., Kemshall, H. (eds) Contemporary Sex Offender Risk Management, Volume I. Palgrave Studies in Risk, Crime and Society. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-63567-5_5

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