Applications of Carrageenan: With Special Reference to Iota and Kappa Forms as Derived from the Eucheumatoid Seaweeds

  • Rafael R. Loureiro
  • M. L. Cornish
  • Iain C. Neish
Part of the Developments in Applied Phycology book series (DAPH, volume 9)


Carrageenan is a natural, long-chain carbohydrate (polysaccharide), obtained from a variety of red algae including the Eucheumatoid seaweeds, viz. Kappaphycus and Eucheuma. Carrageenan shows a tremendous diversity in its molecular structure, a feature that directly influences its commercial applications and extraction methods. Known applications of carrageenan include its use as a gelling, thickening and binding agent in the processed foods industry. A notable feature of its usage is that it is commonly blended in ingredient solutions with other gums where it exhibits synergistic or complementary characteristics. Carrageenan has also been used in experimental medicine, pharmaceutical formulations, cosmetics and several industrial applications.


Carrageenan Polysaccharide Eucheumatoid seaweeds Kappaphycus Eucheuma 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rafael R. Loureiro
    • 1
  • M. L. Cornish
    • 2
  • Iain C. Neish
    • 3
  1. 1.Blue Marble Space Institute of ScienceSeattleUSA
  2. 2.Acadian Seaplants LimitedCornwallisCanada
  3. 3.PT Sea Six Energy IndonesiaBaliIndonesia

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