Population displacement, including protracted and chronic patterns of repeated displacement is a global phenomenon that is growing in scale, frequency and complexity. This chapter discusses root causes of displacement including pre- and post-disaster socioeconomic vulnerabilities, push-pull migration factors, and systemic political and governance fragilities. Also discussed are the implications of terminology used for displaced persons, and policy and planning solutions to address dilemmas that arise in both disaster-impacted and host communities and countries. A case study on Haiti is used to illustrate in more detail the transboundary impacts of the Haiti earthquake, the causes, consequences, and outcomes of displacement, and the responses by government, non-governmental, and diaspora organizations. Positive recovery trajectories of displaced persons in home and host communities will require sustained and coordinated policy initiatives by multiple actors and stakeholders, along with inclusive and participatory practices that involve displaced populations in decision-making.
- Population displacement
- Transboundary impacts
- Haiti earthquake
- Policy frameworks
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Agency is used here to mean the freedom in choosing migration options and destinations.
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The material in this chapter is based on research which was supported by the U.S. National Science Foundation Grants (NSF Grants: CMMI-0726808; CMMI-1034667; and CMMI-1162438). Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this chapter are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.
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Esnard, AM., Sapat, A. (2018). Population/Community Displacement. In: Rodríguez, H., Donner, W., Trainor, J. (eds) Handbook of Disaster Research. Handbooks of Sociology and Social Research. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-63254-4_21
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