Bryoflora of the Czech Republic

Chapter
Part of the Plant and Vegetation book series (PAVE, volume 14)

Abstract

Bryophytes are an intrinsic part of various vegetation types in Central European landscapes. The Czech bryoflora is made up of 866 species (207 liverworts, 655 mosses and 4 hornworts) of which 59 are considered to be extinct or have vanished. The great majority are native species, while only four species are of demonstrably alien origin. Two of the alien mosses are invasive and about ten native species or species earlier reported from neighbouring countries are regarded as expanding. The majority of Czech bryophytes belong to temperate montane elements, with a significant proportion of boreal and suboceanic taxa. Arctic-alpine and boreal taxa are at the highest risk of extinction as they are confined to relict habitats. Probably no species of bryophyte is endemic to the Czech Republic. As in the other industrial countries with intensive agriculture and forestry, a significant proportion of the bryoflora is at risk; nearly a third of the species in this country are evaluated as threatened according to IUCN criteria.

Notes

Acknowledgements

I am grateful to Štěpán Koval and Vítězslav Plášek for providing photographs, Milan Chytrý and Zdeněk Kaplan for helpful comments on earlier versions of the text and Tony Dixon for the English proofreading.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of BotanyUniversity of South BohemiaČeské BudějoviceCzech Republic

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