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Reasons for Inter-municipal Cooperation: A Comparative Analysis of Finland, Iceland and Norway

  • Grétar Thór Eythórsson
  • Pekka Kettunen
  • Jan Erling Klausen
  • Siv Sandberg
Chapter
Part of the Governance and Public Management book series (GPM)

Abstract

The broad responsibilities of Nordic local governments may explain why inter-municipal cooperation (IMC) is rather frequent among Nordic municipalities. This is, however, not a sufficient explanation for the variance in institutional features we find in the Nordic countries. Hence, we develop a more comprehensive model in the chapter, asking to what extent legislative features and the characteristics of local government systems may explain the variation in IMC. The empirical part of the chapter describes IMC in a number of policy areas, and considerable differences emerge. Although we note that the profile of IMC use in different sectors varies among the three countries, these differences are not caused by variations in fragmentation and decentralization. In light of the evidence, legal and constitutional explanations seem more pertinent.

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Grétar Thór Eythórsson
    • 1
  • Pekka Kettunen
    • 2
  • Jan Erling Klausen
    • 3
  • Siv Sandberg
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Business AdministrationUniversity of AkureyriAkureyriIceland
  2. 2.Faculty of Social Sciences, Business and EconomicsÅbo Akademi UniversityTurkuFinland
  3. 3.Department of Political ScienceOslo UniversityOsloNorway

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