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Nanoenergy pp 251-276 | Cite as

Prospective on the Use of Nanostructured Magnesium Alloys as Anode Materials for Ni–MH Rechargeable Batteries

  • Sydney Ferreira SantosEmail author
  • Flavio Ryoichi Nikkuni
  • Edson Antonio Ticianelli
Chapter

Abstract

New developments on portable electronics, electrical vehicles, and hybrid electrical vehicles drive the demand for secondary batteries with optimized performances, such as larger energy densities, specific energies, and power densities. In this scenarios the development of nickel—metal hydride (Ni–MH) rechargeable batteries with improved performances is mandatory to achieve the present needs and also to face the tough competition with other technologies such as Li-ion batteries and low-temperature fuel cells. The production of such improved batteries is closely related to the development of novel hydrogen storage materials which can be successfully achieved through the incorporation of new finds of nanotechnology. In this chapter, some fundamental aspects concerning Ni–MH cells and their component materials are introduced. Recent developments on anode materials, such as novel alloy compositions, non-conventional processing routes, and optimized microstructures are depicted. Furthermore, special emphasis is given for the nanostructured Mg alloys which are promising candidates for this application.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sydney Ferreira Santos
    • 1
    Email author
  • Flavio Ryoichi Nikkuni
    • 2
  • Edson Antonio Ticianelli
    • 3
  1. 1.Centro de Engenharia, Modelagem e Ciências Sociais AplicadasUniversidade Federal do ABCSanto AndréBrazil
  2. 2.Fundação Parque Tecnológico ItaipuFoz do IguaçuBrazil
  3. 3.Instituto de Química de São CarlosUniversidade de São PauloSão CarlosBrazil

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