Nanoenergy pp 107-140 | Cite as

Photocatalytic Water Splitting by Suspended Semiconductor Particles

  • Renato V. GonçalvesEmail author
  • Heberton Wender
  • Sherdil Khan
  • Mauricio A. MeloJr.


Starting and emphasizing the importance for future demand on Earth energy feed, this chapter discusses the state-of-the-art of photocatalytic water splitting (PWS) using suspended particles for hydrogen evolution. Herein, the thermodynamics requirements for photocatalyst semiconductors for water splitting for efficient hydrogen and oxygen production, to date overview on important photocatalysts and related fine-tuning processes adopted to meet the desired properties for PWS with improved photocatalytic activities, a profound discussion and review about tandem photocatalyst systems are covered. A descriptive discussion on efficiency determination including solar-to-hydrogen efficiency and apparent quantum efficiency to compare the photocatalytic performance of the photocatalysts is presented.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Renato V. Gonçalves
    • 1
    Email author
  • Heberton Wender
    • 2
  • Sherdil Khan
    • 3
  • Mauricio A. MeloJr.
    • 4
  1. 1.Instituto de Física de São CarlosUniversidade de São PauloSão CarlosBrazil
  2. 2.Instituto de FísicaUniversidade Federal do Mato Grosso do Sul (UFMS), Cidade UniversitáriaCampo GrandeBrazil
  3. 3.Instituto de FísicaUniversidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS)Porto AlegreBrazil
  4. 4.Department of ChemistryUniversity of CaliforniaDavisUSA

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