Advertisement

Uncle Ho’s Good Children Award and State Power at a Socialist School in Vietnam

  • Violette Hoang-Phuong Ho
Chapter

Abstract

This autoethnographic account of a “socialist youth” explores how state power influences and shapes youth’s concept of nationalism. Embracing the teaching of Ho Chi Minh’s philosophy and Marxism-Leninism, Vietnam’s school programs and activities in the 1980s were designed to evoke patriotism and to ensure Vietnamese children would revere Uncle Ho and stay loyal to the Communist Party. In the name of the nation, this system also motivated youth to dedicate their lives, to commit their time and energy, and to sacrifice personal interests for “the success of communism.” Within this system, symbolic rewards, such as the “Uncle Ho’s Good Children” award, provided important meanings that could make childhood under socialism a fulfilling and memorable experience.

References

  1. Adams, T., Jones, S., & Ellis, C. (2015). Autoethnography—Understanding qualitative research. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Anderson, B. (2006). Imagined communities. London: Verso. (Original work published 1983).Google Scholar
  3. Bernard, R. (2011). Research methods in anthropology: Qualitative and quantitative approaches. Plymouth: AltaMira Press.Google Scholar
  4. Chang, H. (2016 [2008]). Autoethnography as method. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  5. Chao, P. (1983). Chinese kinship. London: Kegan Paul International.Google Scholar
  6. Đào, Đ. (2008, April 12). Các vua Hùng dựng nước, bác cháu ta giữ nước [Hùng Kings built this country, we protect this country]. TuổiTrẻ [Youth]. Retrieved from http://tuoitre.vn/tin/theo-guong-bac/20080412/cac-vua-hung-dung-nuoc-bac-chau-ta-giu-nuoc/252390.html
  7. Do, T. (2004). Saigon to San Diego, memoir of a boy who escaped from Communist Vietnam. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company.Google Scholar
  8. Duiker, W. (2000). Ho Chi Minh—A life. New York: Hyperion.Google Scholar
  9. Foucault, M. (1980). Power/knowledge: Selected interviews & other writings 1972–1977 (G. Colin, Trans.). L. Marshall, J. Mepham, & K. Soper (Eds.). New York: Pantheon Books. (Original work published 1972).Google Scholar
  10. Glewwe, P. (2004). An overview of economic growth and household welfare in Vietnam in the 1990s. In P. Glewwe, N. Agrawal, & D. Dollar (Eds.), Economic growth, poverty, and household welfare in Vietnam (pp. 1–28). Washington, DC: The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank.Google Scholar
  11. Harvie, C., & Tran, V. H. (1997). Vietnam’s reforms and economic growth. London: Macmillan Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ho, C. M. (1952, September 25). “Thư Trung Thu” [“Mid-Autumn Festival Letter”]. Nhân dân [People]. Retrieved from http://www.thivien.net/H%E1%BB%93-Ch%C3%AD-Minh/Th%C6%B0-trung-thu-1952/poem-Vk2Ggr9MOxC6Q6_-0aH7Cw
  13. Lê, D. (2006). Thờ Cúng Tổ Tiên, Một Nét Đậm Của Đời Sống Tâm Linh Người Việt [Ancestor worship, an important trait in Vietnamese spiritual life]. In P. K. Đặng (Ed.), Gia Đình Việt Nam—Các giá trị truyền thống và những vấn đề tâm-bệnh lý xã hội [Vietnamese families—Traditional values and social-psychological issues] (pp. 65–88). Hanoi: Lao Động Press.Google Scholar
  14. Lê, H. T., & Liu, H. Y. (2006). Economic reform in Việt Nam and China: A comparative study. Hanoi: Thế Giới Publisher.Google Scholar
  15. Lê, T. (2004). Marriage and the family in Việt Nam today [Questions and Answers]. Hanoi: Thế Giới Publisher.Google Scholar
  16. Leshkowich, A. M. (2014). Standardized forms of Vietnamese selfhood: An ethnographic genealogy of documentation. American Ethnologist, 41(1), 143–162.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Lucius, C. (2009). Vietnam’s political process: How education shapes political decision-making. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  18. Luong, V. H. (1988). Discursive practices and power structure: Person-referring forms and sociopolitical struggles in colonial Vietnam. American Ethnologist, 15, 239–253.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Masina, P. (2006). Vietnam’s development strategies. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  20. Mauss, M. ([1954]2011). The gift, forms and functions of exchange in archaic societies (I. Cunnison, Trans.). Mansfield Centre, CT: Martino Publishing. (Original work published 1954).Google Scholar
  21. Ngunjiri, F., Hernandez, K. A., & Chang, H. (2010). Living autoethnography: Connecting life and research. Journal of Research Practice, 6(1), 1. Retrieved from http://jrp.icaap.org/index.php/jrp/article/view/241/186.Google Scholar
  22. Nguyễn, Đ. T. (1967). Lịch sử tư tưởng Việt Nam, tập 1 [History of Vietnamese Philosophy, volume 1]. Saigon: Secretary of State—Department of Culture.Google Scholar
  23. Nhân Dân [People], (2014, May 17). Tháng 5 nhớ Bác: Vị cha già kính yêu của dân tộc [Remembering Uncle in May: The respectable and beloved old father of the people]. Retrieved from http://www.nhandan.com.vn/multimedia/item/23234602-thang-5-nho-bac-vi-cha-gia-kinh-yeu-cua-dan-toc.html
  24. Pham, C. D., & Le, D. V. (2003). A decade of Doi-moi in retrospect: 1989–99. In B. Tran-Nam & C. D. Pham (Eds.), The Vietnamese economy—Awakening the dormant dragon (pp. 30–52). London: Routledge Curzon.Google Scholar
  25. Rydström, H. (2003). Encountering ‘hot’ anger: Domestic violence in contemporary Vietnam. Violence Against Women, 9(6), 676–697.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Shohet, M. (2013). Everyday sacrifice and language socialization in Vietnam: The power of a respect particle. American Anthropologist, 115(2), 203–217.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Skinner, W., & Winckler, E. (1969). Compliance succession in rural Communist China: A cyclical theory. In A. Etzioni (Ed.), A social reader on complex organization (pp. 410–438). New York: Hold, Rinehart and Winston.Google Scholar
  28. The Central Committee of the Ho Chi Minh Communist Youth Union (2006). Ho Chi Minh Young Pioneer Organization (HYPO): General information. Online. Available: http://english.doanthanhnien.vn/Article-category/319/Hypo.htm
  29. Tố, H. (1946). Từ Ấy [Since then]. Hanoi: Văn Học Press.Google Scholar
  30. Tố, H. (1972). Ra Trận [Going to the battlefield]. Hanoi: Văn Học Press.Google Scholar
  31. Van Maanen, J. (1988). Tales of the field: On writing ethnography. Chicago: Chicago University Press.Google Scholar
  32. Verdery, K. (1991). National ideology under socialism. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  33. Vo, V. K. (1988). The crisis in food, prices, and money. In G. E. Dutton, J. S. Werner, & J. K. Whitmore (Eds.), Sources of Vietnamese tradition (pp. 509–517). New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  34. Vũ, T. (2004, April 20). Đồng bào ta đều là con cháu Bác Hồ” [We are all Uncle Ho’s children]. Việt Báo [Viet Newspaper]. Retrieved from http://vietbao.vn/Chinh-Tri/Dong-bao-ta-deu-la-con-chau-Bac-Ho/40029377/96/
  35. Yan, Y. (2003). Private life under socialism. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Violette Hoang-Phuong Ho
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyUniversity of California RiversideMoreno ValleyUSA

Personalised recommendations