Same-sex marriage is now legal in over 20 countries and under debate in several more. All of the countries where legalization has occurred are liberal capitalist democracies, but they present considerable diversity in their history, political cultures, political and legal systems, and in the interactions of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, intersex, and queer/questioning (LGBTIQ) movement and the state. Those countries where same-sex marriage has been explicitly blocked through laws, referendums, or court decisions present a comparable diversity. This book discusses that variety across the world’s five continents. Using a neo-institutionalist analytical framework (historical, sociological, and discursive), the book examines the tensions between globalization, supra-nationalization (in the case of the European Union) and national institutional, political, and social path dependencies. Each chapter compares two to four countries in the same region and/or having historical links and institutional similarities.
KeywordsSame-sex marriage Neo-institutionalisms Comparative analysis Globalization Path dependency
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