Special Populations: Toilet Training Children with Disabilities
Children with special needs, specifically those with intellectual disabilities (ID) or developmental disabilities (DD), are at particular risk for delays in toilet training or for ongoing toileting problems. The purpose of this chapter is to provide a generalized sampling of diagnoses that fall under the larger umbrella statement of ID and DD, a brief history of toilet training practices over the past 60 years, and research that provides evidence for current effective practices. Best practice outcomes will be discussed and compared to offer practitioners insight regarding success across interventions. Future perspectives based on changes to educational law at the federal level (IDEA, Building the legacy: IDEA 2004. Retrieved August 7, 2016, from http://idea.ed.gov/archive, 2004) will be included to support a shift in learning environments and the relevance of toilet training for the purposes of “quality of life” and as a component to adaptive learning across settings.
KeywordsDevelopmental disability Intellectual disability Toilet training
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