This chapter presents the conceptual background of this book, aiming to analyze different aspects of the generational and the gender contracts and their evolution over time. Conceptual issues related to the definition of population aging are introduced. An overview of the literature on economic relations and on the direction of transfers between generations is provided. Intergenerational solidarity within families and the state is identified as a fundamental resource in the context of significant demographic and social change. The generational contract is explicitly recognized to be significantly dependent on a gender contract; discussion around women’s work for household servicing is thus reported. Finally, the NTA is presented as a method to account for both the quantitative and the behavioral effects of changing demographic structures and to measure and analyze exhaustively intergenerational and gender relations and exchanges in the economy.
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Zannella, M. (2017). The Generational and the Gender Contract. In: The Economic Lifecycle, Gender and Intergenerational Support. SpringerBriefs in Population Studies. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-62669-7_1
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