Chapter 5 offers a bold account that provides solid academic analyses in understanding France’s position on the African continent, defined in the author’s offering of 11 critiques in which he tests France’s position in Africa of either—a realist critique; or a liberal idealist critique; or a pan-Africanist critique; or an anti-imperialist critique; or an “affordable influence” critique; or a postcolonial critique; or a cultural relativist critique; or a progressive political critique; or a “decline-and-fall” or “end-of-empire” critique; or a patriotic defence critique; or an international law critique. Thereby the author provides empirical evidence on France’s “over-stretched” transition between the Françafrique of yesterday and the France-Afrique of tomorrow which is able to assess whether Paris could hold sway.
- Feminist Political Critique
- Cultural Relativist Critique
- Islamic State In Iraq And Syria (ISIS)
- Caisse Centrale De Cooperation Economique (CCCE)
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