Europe-African Relations in the Era of Uncertainty

  • Gilbert M. Khadiagala


Chapter  19 argues that the events of 2016, especially Brexit, the crisis of confidence around regional integration in Europe, the controversial economic partnership agreements (EPAs), the cutting of EU funding to the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM), and the clamping down on African immigrants in the Mediterranean, are likely to have serious repercussions on what seems to be a fading relationship between Europe and Africa. Another issue of consternation is Europe’s introduction of migration control as a new condition for development cooperation following the refugee crisis.

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© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gilbert M. Khadiagala
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of International RelationsUniversity of the WitwatersrandJohannesburgSouth Africa

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