Investigation of Thermal Characteristic of Eutectic Fatty Acid/Damar Gum as a Composite Phase Change Material (CPCM)

  • Hadi FauziEmail author
  • Hendrik S. C. MetselaarEmail author
  • T. M. I Mahlia
  • Mahyar Silakhori
  • Hwai Chyuan Ong
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)


A composite phase change material (CPCM) of myristic acid/palmitic acid/sodium myristate (MA/PA/SM) has been proposed by impregnating a porous material of purified damar gum, also called Shorea javanica (SJ), to improve the thermal conductivity of CPCM. The thermal properties, thermal conductivity and thermal stability, of CPCM were measured using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) thermal analysis, hot-disc thermal conductivity analyzer, and simultaneous thermal analyzer (STA). Moreover, a chemical reaction between fatty acid binary mixture and SJ in CPCM was evaluated by Fourier transform infra-red (FT-IR) spectrophotometer. The results of this study showed that the thermal conductivity of MA/PA/SM/SJ composite phase change material (CPCM) was improved by addition of 3 wt.% of Shorea javanica into MA/PA/SM eutectic mixture without showing a significant change in the thermophysical properties of CPCM. Moreover, the eutectic CPCM also does not show occurrence of chemical reaction between MA/PA/SM and SJ, and it has a good thermal performance and thermal stability. Therefore, the MA/PA/SM/SJ CPCM proposed in this study can be recommended as a new novelty material for thermal energy storage application.


Thermal conductivity Thermal properties Thermal performance Thermal stability Heat storage 



The authors acknowledge the Minister of Higher Education and Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, through High Impact Research grant (UM.R/HIR/MOHE/ENG/21-D000021-16001).


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversiti Tenaga NasionalKajangMalaysia
  3. 3.Department of Chemical EngineeringSyiah Kuala UniversityBanda AcehIndonesia

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