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From Moderation to De-moderation: Democratic Backsliding of the AKP in Turkey

  • Menderes Çınar
Chapter
Part of the Middle East Today book series (MIET)

Abstract

Revisiting some of the main tenets of the moderation theory, Çınar suggests three possible factors accounting for the Turkish AKP’s decay from a potentially “Muslim democrat” political force, embracing the universal principles of rule of law, human rights and pluralism, to a “populist authoritarian” political force. The latter redefines democracy in nativist terms to dismiss democratic opposition, centralize and concentrate power in its hands, and deploy the Islamic moralist language of “forbidding evil, commanding good” to legitimize its “instructive” policies. The three factors include strong leadership and internal party structure, the political context within which the AKP interacted with secular actors and the impact of the shifting international context on the revival of the AKP’s Islamist ideology.

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Authors and Affiliations

  • Menderes Çınar
    • 1
  1. 1.Baskent UniversityAnkaraTurkey

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