Maximum Plane Trees in Multipartite Geometric Graphs
A geometric graph is a graph whose vertices are points in the plane and whose edges are straight-line segments between the points. A plane spanning tree in a geometric graph is a spanning tree that is non-crossing. Let R and B be two disjoint sets of points in the plane where the points of R are colored red and the points of B are colored blue, and let \(n=|R\cup B|\). A bichromatic plane spanning tree is a plane spanning tree in the complete bipartite geometric graph with bipartition (R, B). In this paper we consider the maximum bichromatic plane spanning tree problem, which is the problem of computing a bichromatic plane spanning tree of maximum total edge length.
For the maximum bichromatic plane spanning tree problem, we present an approximation algorithm with ratio 1/4 that runs in \(O(n\log n)\) time.
We also consider the multicolored version of this problem where the input points are colored with \(k>2\) colors. We present an approximation algorithm that computes a plane spanning tree in a complete k-partite geometric graph, and whose ratio is 1/6 if \(k=3\), and 1/8 if \(k\geqslant 4\).
We also revisit the special case of the problem where \(k=n\), i.e., the problem of computing a maximum plane spanning tree in a complete geometric graph. For this problem, we present an approximation algorithm with ratio 0.503; this is an extension of the algorithm presented by Dumitrescu and Tóth (2010) whose ratio is 0.502.
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- 2.Biniaz, A., Bose, P., Eppstein, D., Maheshwari, A., Morin, P., Smid, M.: Spanning trees in multipartite geometric graphs. CoRR, abs/1611.01661 (2016). Also submitted to AlgorithmicaGoogle Scholar