Laser Based Standoff Techniques: A Review on Old and New Perspective for Chemical Detection and Identification

Part of the Terrorism, Security, and Computation book series (TESECO)


The active remote sensing standoff detection is a very interesting methodology that could be used with the aim to reduce the risk for the health, in the case of intentional (terrorism or war) or accidental (natural or incident event) diffusion in the air of chemical agents. At the present day, there are several laser-based methodologies that could be applied for this aim but the future developments seem to be the integration of two methodologies. The integration of two methodologies could guarantee the development of a network of low-cost laser based systems for chemical detection integrated with a more sophisticated layout able to identify the nature of a release that could be used only in the case that the anomalies are detected. The requirements for standoff detection and identification are discussed in this paper, including the technologies and some examples for chemical traces detection and identification. The paper will include novel techniques and tools not tested yet in operative environments and the preliminary results will be presented.


Remote sensing Lidar Standoff system Detection chemical agent Dial Identification chemical agent 



The Author is very grateful to Dr. Stefano Parracino for the Figs. 1, 2, 3, 4, 7, and 8 provided by his PhD thesis.


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© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Industrial EngineeringUniversity of Rome Tor VergataRomeItaly

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