J.A.C. Oudemans’ Observations of the 18 August 1868 and 12 December 1871 Total Solar Eclipses from the Dutch East Indies

  • Emanuel Sungging MumpuniEmail author
  • Wayne Orchiston
  • Wolfgang Steinicke
Part of the Historical & Cultural Astronomy book series (HCA)


The total solar eclipse of 18 August 1868 was one of the most important eclipses in the history of solar physics, and observations of it led to a new understanding of the nature of the chromosphere, prominences and the corona. Among other places, this eclipse was visible from the Dutch East Indies (present-day Indonesia). Soon after the 1868 event came the total solar eclipse of 12 December 1871, which also was visible from the Dutch East Indies and offered a further opportunity to build on the achievements of 1868.

Both solar eclipses were observed from the Dutch East Indies by teams led by J.A.C. Oudemans, and in this chapter we provide biographical details of Oudemans before examining the scientific instruments used and observations made in 1868 and 1871 by Oudemans and other local observing teams. We end by assessing the international importance of Oudemans’ published scientific results.



We are grateful to Dr. T. de Groot, (Rijksuniversiteit Utrecht) for kindly providing Fig. 15.2.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Emanuel Sungging Mumpuni
    • 1
    Email author
  • Wayne Orchiston
    • 2
  • Wolfgang Steinicke
    • 3
  1. 1.Pusat Sains Antariksa—LAPAN (Center of Space Science—Indonesian Institute of Aeronautics and Space)BandungIndonesia
  2. 2.National Astronomical Research Institute of ThailandChiang MaiThailand
  3. 3.UmkirchGermany

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