Towards a Privacy Rule Conceptual Model for Smart Toys

Part of the International Series on Computer Entertainment and Media Technology book series (ISCEMT)


A smart toy is defined as a device consisting of a physical toy component that connects to one or more toy computing services to facilitate gameplay in the cloud through networking and sensory technologies to enhance the functionality of a traditional toy. A smart toy in this context can be effectively considered an Internet of Things (IoT) with Artificial Intelligence (AI) which can provide Augmented Reality (AR) experiences to users. In this paper, the first assumption is that children do not understand the concept of privacy and the children do not know how to protect themselves online, especially in a social media and cloud environment. The second assumption is that children may disclose private information to smart toys and not be aware of the possible consequences and liabilities. This paper presents a privacy rule conceptual model with the concepts of smart toy, mobile service, device, location, and guidance with related privacy entities: purpose, recipient, obligation, and retention for smart toys. Further the paper also discusses an implementation of the prototype interface with sample scenarios for future research works.



This work was supported by the São Paulo Research Foundation (Fapesp) under Grants 2015/16615-0 and 2016/00014-0. This work was also supported by the Research Office - Zayed University, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, under Research Projects: R15048 & R16083; by the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST), Taiwan, under MOST Grants: 105-2923-E-002 -014 -MY3, 105-2923-E-027 -001 -MY3, 105-2221-E-027 -113, & 105-2811-E-027 -001; and the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC), under Discovery Grants Program: RGPIN-2016-05023.


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© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Business and ITUniversity of Ontario Institute of TechnologyOshawaCanada
  2. 2.Department of Electronic EngineeringNational Taipei University of TechnologyTaipeiTaiwan
  3. 3.School of Arts, Sciences and HumanitiesUniversity of São PauloSão PauloBrazil
  4. 4.College of Technological Innovation, Zayed UniversityDubaiUAE
  5. 5.Department of Electrical EngineeringNational Taiwan UniversityTaipeiTaiwan

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